Thursday, 14 March 2013

Siak Sri Indrapura

From: Penang: The Fourth Presidency of India, 1805-1830.
By: Marcus Langdon

I have just finished reading Marcus Langdon's latest book, Penang: The Fourth Presidency of India, 1805-1830. A few things in the book attracted me and I began to read the book, from Suffolk House near the back cover, and completed reading the other pages near the front cover. Now my longtime unanswered questions are answered in many pages of this book. One of them is about the existence of the Siak Sri Indrapura empire of Indonesia.

Siak Sri Indrapura is mentioned on page 113 in this book and it gives details of what happened in Siak history. There is mention of Malay names such as:
  1. Tooun Pangaran @ Tunku Pangeran @ Tunku Pangeran Kusuma di-Laga @ Pangeran Perca @ Sayid Zain, 
  2. Tunku Long Puteh, 
  3. Sultan Siak, 
  4. Sultan Ali Abdu'l Jalil Saif-ud-din, and
  5. Paduka Suree Sultan Syed Shereff Abdul Gulel Safdeen of Siac @ Paduka Sri Sultan as-Sayyid as-Sharif Abdu'l Jalil Saif ud-din.

It so happens that the Siak people were efficient and had good knowledge of the timbers in the forest of Sumatra where they were domiciled. Mr Garling of Penang, had dealt with the Siak sultan for supply of timber for shipbuilding. Timber was also procured from Kuala Muda in Kedah, Pulau Jerejak off Penang island, and from Malacca. But the timber provided by Siak from Sumatera were prized for some reason. Somehow, on one occasion, smallpox had affected the people of Siak, including the queen of Siak, and the sultan could not supply timber on time to Mr Garling as agreed, as his men were afflicted by smallpox - there were not enough of the Siak men to go and search for the correct timber size (length and diameter) and shape as desired by Mr Garling. The sultan apologised in a long letter (translated into English) to Mr Garling. The word 'Friend' was used to address Mr Garling. Quite offended by the non delivery of the timber, Mr Garling then went to Malacca to find some timber for shipbuilding in Penang. The story goes on but this much information should suffice for readers.

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 


I have posted about the Siak Sultanate earlier. Tan Sri Dr Raja Ahmad Noordin bin Raja Shahbuddin was the only early Malay doctor who was descended from the Siak Sultanate. His family tree was supplied by his nephew, Raja Adley Paris Ishkandar Shah bin Raja Baharuddin bin Raja Lope Zainuddin bin Raja Shahbuddin. 

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 

Sir George E. Maxwell

The history of the Siak Sultanate is also detailed in Jawi script as the Maxwell Manuscript 24 (D) Hikayat Negeri Johor, collected by Sir George E Maxwell and stored in the British Library.

This reference was brought to my attention by Raja Adley Paris Ishkandar Shah bin Raja Baharuddin bin Raja Lope Zainuddin bin Raja Shahbuddin, a descendant of the Siak Sultanate.

It seems that the Siak Sri Indrapura is a large Malay empire, from Sumatera down to Riau.

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 


The Sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura or often called Sultanate of Siak (Indonesian: Kesultanan Siak Sri Inderapura) was a kingdom that was located at Siak Regency, Riau from 1723-1946. It was founded by Raja Kecik from the Pagaruyung Kingdom (Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Syah I), after he failed to seize the throne from the Sultanate of Johor. 
After the Proclamation of Independence on 17 August 1945, the last sultan of Siak, Sultan Syarif Kasim II declared his kingdom to join the Republic of Indonesia.

Wikipedia gives the names of 12 Sultans of the Siak Sultanate between 1725-1949.

  1. Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Syah I (1725–1746)
  2. Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Syah II (1746–1765)
  3. Sultan Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin Syah (1765–1766)
  4. Sultan Abdul Jalil Alamuddin Syah (1766–1780)
  5. Sultan Muhammad Ali Abdul Jalil Muazzam Syah (1780–1782)
  6. Sultan Yahya Abdul Jalil Muzaffar Syah (17821784)
  7. Sultan Assaidis Asyarif Ali Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin Baalawi (1784–1810)
  8. Sultan Asyaidis Syarif Ibrahim Abdul Jalil Khaliluddin (1810–1815)
  9. Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Ismail Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin (1815–1854)
  10. Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Kasyim Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin I (Syarif Kasyim I, 1864–1889)
  11. Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Hasyim Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin (1889–1908)
  12. Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Kasyim Abdul Jalif Syaifudin I (Syarif Kasyim II), (1915–1949)
There are Arab names or adjectives in the sultans' names: 
Muazzam = the best of aspirations
Assaidis = As Syed = Arabic title for a Syed male
Asyarif = As Syarif = the noble
Baalawai = Ba'Alawi from Hadramaut in Yemen; also Masjid Ba'Alawie in Singapore
Kaliluddin = Khalil-ud-Din = the friend of the light (the enlightened friend)

(٠‎ - ١‎ - ٢‎ - ٣‎ - ٤‎ - ٥‎ - ٦‎ - ٧‎ - ٨‎ - ٩‎) 

References for Siak Sri Indrapura