Wednesday, 18 December 2013

Line Clear @ Penang Road 1930-2013

Penang Road was noted for tram lines that passed from Dato Keramat down to the pier or jetty. That was Penang in the early 20th century. Some parts of the tram lines are still visible on Penang Road. However, Penang Road today is different - it is now a much sought shoppers' delight and where normal people and gluttons stuff themselves 24 hours. Line Clear began in 1930, providing the fiery hot and spicy Indian cuisine - nasi kandar. You eat nasi kandar till your ears practically drop off your head. I can't take nasi kandar but I can eat a plate of nasi briyani, Penang style. Nasi briyani at Line Clear is tasty. It costs about RM6 per plate here. Other dishes that go with nasi briyani are fried cabbage in tumeric and fried chicken in red batter. Indian food here is tasty but a bit salty. Anywhere on Penang island, Indian food is tasty but salty. Papadom, vade and fried dhal cakes, are tasty but salty. Be careful if you have low grade hypertension like me (I'm on Twynsta for added protection).

How to get to Line Clear?

From Minden Heights, go down Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah to the roundabout at SEAMO-RECSAM. Take left into Jalan Masjid Negeri (Green Lane). Go down till Masjid Negeri Pulau Pinang then turn right onto Jalan Air Hitam, past Al-Mashoor School and Methodist Boys' School (MBS). Then take right at Jalan Dato Keramat and go down towards GAMA and KOMTAR. Go past KOMTAR and onward to Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling. Turn back at Light Street till you meet the beginning of Penang Road (from the Fort Cornwallis side). Go down Penang Road slowly till you come to SAM's, stick right to enter the parking lot across from Line Clear and SAM'S. There is nowhere else to park nearby. Parking is RM4.00 for first hour and RM4.00 next 30 minutes, and thereafter. It will cost RM12 to park here and to have a decent meal at Line Clear and to wander around to nearby Chowrasta market (Pasar Chowrasta).

Alternatively, take the costal highway from Minden Heights to Weld Quay and down Light Street, turn onto Penang Road.

Crossing the road at Penang Road

Penang Road is a very busy road and I don't like it at all. But somehow you have to be daring enough to walk across and make it safely to the other side in one piece. J-walking or not, I didn't see a zebra-crossing nearby. Some cars have polite drivers who will wait for you to cross right in front of their cars, some are not that courteous. Be extra careful when you cross the road here.

Where is Line Clear?

Line Clear has a small unnoticeable signboard in between SAM'S signboards. Line Clear is situated in an alley between 2 of SAM's boutique shops. Line Clear is not near KOMTAR but before Chowrasta and Hutton Lane. You can't miss SAM's, so you can't miss Line Clear. Both SAM's and Line Clear are Indian enterprises and doing great business here.

What's special at Line Clear?

Line Clear operates 24 hours, so there is no such thing as a closing time. However, the Malaysian government has recently announced that 24-hour eateries must have a closing time for cleaning up. I will leave that topic alone. But for now, Line Clear is open 24 hours - which means you can come here and eat your favourite meals anytime. I like the idea. Yesterday (17 December 2013) was my second time eating at Line Clear. I only eat nasi briyani so I had nasi briyani here yesterday.

Nasi briyani - is it a glutton's delight?

I like nasi briyani and I can eat a plateful without talking to people next to me, including Affandi. "Why bother, why bother, why bother" as Azwan Ali's tagline has it. At Line Clear, the man serving (he is called Mamu or uncle) will put a lot of gravy on the rice. I had to tell him I didn't need that much curry but just a tablespoonful. Mamu said, people eat nasi briyani "banjir" style and I knew what he was referring to. But still I insisted mine is served with very little gravy as I cannot tolerate Indian curry. Mamu was confused rather than angry and tried to win me over but he understood what I meant. That is the limit I can tolerate Indian curry as it has been that way all my life - Indian curry is my limitation or I go to Klinik Aman with dehydration from full-blown diarrhoea. So I have to take extra care when it comes to Indian curry. I enjoyed my plate of tasty nasi briyani with little curry, a small piece of fried chicken drumstick, heaps of fried cabbage and cucumber. I had cold ais limau nipis drink to take down the oil and thirst on a hot afternoon. We paid about RM46 for 5 adults, which is reasonable.

What is after lunch?

There is no rush once one has dined at Line Clear. It pays to walkabout a little after a heavy lunch. We walked to Chowrasta market and went upstairs to first floor (tingkat atas). The shop lots were just opening and setting up shop for the afternoon. I guess they open after Zohor prayer. The Malay shop that sells batik and other Malay fabrics was closed - I guessed the old man there didn't want to open shop yesterday or he would appear later in the day. He sells very good quality batik and other fabrics and I don't have the nerve to bargain when a man that age sells me beautiful fabrics. We then looked around at the second-hand books and went down and out, back along Penang Road. We then stopped at Amoeba, next to Nasi Kandar near SAM's. This specialty shop sells very good clothes for youngsters and I bought a few clothes for my kids. Each piece is approx. RM29, not bad for an occasional shopper like me. It also sells good souvenirs.

We then returned to the parking lot and left Penang Road. It was a beautiful afternoon. I will return to Line Clear and to see Mamu again. I hope he lives long enough to serve me nasi briyani again.

Nasi briyani at Line Clear.

Update: 2015
Line Clear was ordered to shut down.

Tuesday, 17 December 2013

Cari Kepah @ D' Bayan Mud Flats in Penang

I had nothing much to do before dinner so I went down to the beach to see activities there. At the beach there were people bending and digging on the mud flats. Most were families--mothers with young children and fathers. Some were still in their work clothes. They were very absorbed in their digging activities. I asked one of the men to show me his catch and asked him what it was that he was digging. He replied "Kepah". I asked how do the people eat it and his wife replied, "Boil it with serai and salt and dip it in sauce". I asked whether it is worth digging for kepah here and she replied "Yes, especially on weekdays as there are many more people on weekends. I asked him for the price of kepah at the local market but the man said he doesn't know.

Where the sewage meets the sea...
... kepah grows aplenty.
Even kids help out their mothers to dig for kepah.
Little mounds of dug mud on the mud flats.
Mud flats and sandbank.
Digging on the sandbank at low tide.
... with Pulau Jerejak in the background.
Start in the centre and scoop 2-3 inches deep in a circular manner. Expand the periphery with your legs wide apart till you feel like falling in the mud. Then pull out the kepah.
Kepah from the mud flats..., a delicacy of the local Malays on Penang island.

Masjid Jamek Sungai Gelugor, Penang

This village had a low-lying old green mosque for a long time. Two years ago that old mosque was demolished to build a brand new brick mosque. The new mosque is a white and blue mosque with blue domes and golden spires. One early Malay doctor is buried here - Dr MJ Che Lah, along with his wife and son-in-law. There are many others buried here but I don't know them. This mosque and village behind the mosque and across the street up on the hill in front, all belong to the Rawa people (Orang Rawa) from Sumatra. The imams here were also from the Rawa people, for example the famous man Yusof Rawa, who also operated the Hajj pilgrimage company based near Masjid Jamek Melayu Acheh in George Town (Georgetown). The Rawa houses are small Malay village houses (rumah kayu kampung) found typically in all the Malay villages on Penang island, including the village at Jelutong. However, the houses at Kg Dodol at Jalan Perak are styled differently - they could be people who migrated there from Kedah or north Perak.

Main entrance
Right corridor, facing the graves

Left corridor
Additional women's prayer space upstairs
View towards Minden Heights side

Dr MJ Che Lah's grave under the frangipani tree (pokok kemboja) on the right
Viewed from Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah

Monday, 16 December 2013

Pulau Jerejak (2)

I get excited every time we approach Penang Brige toll house and Penang Bridge itself. I get even more excited when I see Pulau Jerejak. Penang itself is an island. These 2 islands have been in my mind since before I attended school, before I was 5 years old.

In the early 1960s, there was no Penang Bridge. Instead we took the ferry service from the Butterworth ferry terminal to the Penang ferry terminal. If I remember correctly, a 30-minute sail in either calm or choppy waters, with lots of splashes. Jelly fish swim aplenty in front of the ferry. Cars fill up the lower deck and pedestrians occupy the upper deck. The views were fantastic for a child my age.

Penang Bridge was built after I had completed my PhD and after I moved to work at USM in Kelantan. It stems from Seberang Perai on the mainland and lands on USM grounds near the USM Sports Complex (the ground here is cleaved to take the freeway down to Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah).

Pulau Jerejak can be viewed all the way from Penang Bridge right down to Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, some 5 minutes of spectacular island views. I have never regretted taking photos of this magical island - an island embedded with history and adventure. If you like Pirates of the Caribbean and pirate tales, prisoners, Alcatraz, Robben Island, prison escapes, shark infested seas, and such horror stories, you will definitely like Pulau Jerejak. I have not read a storybook written about Pulau Jerejak. Someone should write.

I remember sitting up in bed near the window of my grandfather's home in Bukit Pemancar in Penang, and asking my mother about Pulau Jerejak. It was so fascinating, that an island lurks nearby and was full of mystery, very enchanting for a child my age - age 5. I have never been to the island but I hope to go there one day and take photos of Penang island. One thing matters though, Affandi is scared of the seas and sharks. So we have to wait for a time when he is calm enough to take a boat trip there. If I lose one leg to the sharks, then I become a female version of Long John Silver! LOL.

Sunday, 15 December 2013

Never Again, Over Again

I was looking back at Apartheid South Africa and Israel when I was growing up. I had my international passport made when I was 9 years old (Standard 3). In my passport, it says I can't visit South Africa and Israel. At that time I had no idea where Africa was nor where South Africa was. I didn't know Israel either. I remember asking my father why we weren't allowed to visit those 2 'places'. I don't remember what my father said but the memory lasted a lifetime. Now that I am old enough to understand Apartheid South Africa and Israel, I understand the problem why we weren't allowed to visit them back then and even now.

What is wrong with apartheid?

In my desire to understand the fuzzy word apartheid, I read many magazines when I was a teenager, mainly Times and Life. In any apartheid system, there is dominance of one party over the other. The dominant party is aggressive and oppresses the other presumably weaker party. There is transgression.

In Apartheid South Africa, the white minority was dominant over the majority Black Africans and other 'coloureds'. The Blacks and coloureds were bushed back into the inhabitable interior while the whites occupied once prime lands of the Blacks and coloureds.

In Israel since 1948, the migrant Israel is dominant where the Palestinians have resided since the times of the great prophets. Even though the Jews are mentioned in holy books including the Quran, people have mistaken the truths and manipulated their true deeper meanings. Now we get and see what we have today - such a great mess of non stop fighting and killing.

Who's wrong, who's right?

Apartheid is not limited to just the countries I mentioned above. It is evident in many other countries where fighting and killing continue today. In Apartheid Burma, they try to burn huts in villages and kill the Rohingyas. On the island of Mindanao, in Apartheid Philippines, they try to rid the Moro people from the island dominated by their ancestors since time immemorial. In Apartheid Thailand, the Pattani people are targeted. Elsewhere, the problem is suttle but people are marginalised in their own lands. The Aborigines of Australia have a hard time fighting back. The Maori of New Zealand seem to have assimilated well - I have not heard trouble from their quarters.

Till the last drop of blood

I remember 'ethnic cleansing' was a dirty phrase for a working academic in medical school. I had thought it was just about making skin whiter for an ethnic group. It's not; it was worst than what I had feared. It is actually getting rid of one race, an entire human race, by mass killing - genocide. All are terrible words which we must not pass on to the next generation. We all observed the ethnic cleansing that occurred between the people of Bosnia-Herzegovinia and Serbia. It was sure bloody and terrible. Aggressors raped and killed even their neighbours; worst still, rape occurred in front of family members.

War and apartheid

We all have observed so many wars in this century and last century. Losers become the oppressed, and the apartheid is born every time after a war 'is presumably over' - a war is never over; apartheid reigns after a war. The world's 2 worst oppressors are well-known to all of us. How can we tell oppressors to stop whatever they are doing and still plan to do? Can war ever be prevented? Will talks suffice? What do oppressors listen to? Do they ever listen to little voices like ours? Will they ever learn to be 'civilised' in the true sense of civilisation, and live with others peacefully? I don't know. I doubt people learn that quickly.

What can we expect?

Nelson Mandela was an exceptional person in what he did for Apartheid South Africa; de Klerk should be applauded for his part in the peaceful settlement.

Can we expect the same for Apartheid Israel and Palestine?

Can we expect the same for Apartheid Thailand and Pattani?

Can we expect the same for Apartheid Burma and Rohingya?

Can we expect the same for Apartheid Philippines and Moro?

Who's working on those issues for humanitarian reasons? How much longer do kids, mothers and the elderly have to hold on till they can see change?

Who will bring necessary change in such turmoil?

Me? You? Whom?

I think we all need to sit down and do muhassabah. Then hold talks as intelligent and responsible human beings. Then make changes for whatever demands there are, till we see warring parties compromise and come together as one. I know it is hard but never impossible. Then, we can hope to have some peace, in sha Allah.

Friday, 13 December 2013

The Hokkien Wangkang Festival: Message from the Gods in Heavens

A unique festival to send away evil spirits, the Wangkang festival in Malacca is rooted from 150 years ago during British colonial era (1863) when the British brought Chinese labour into the Straits Settlements. It is celebrated once in a few decades (1919, 1933, 2001 and 2012). It is important to the Peranakan Chinese migrant Hokkiens and their descendants who hold Taoist beliefs.

The Hokkien belief is that these evil spirits have caused worldwide epidemics and chaos, and must be sent away, so that man can live in health, peace and happiness.

It is only held when the temple deity (Ong Yah) receives a message from the Gods in Heavens to hold such an event.

The Chinese as well as the Malays and Indians, expel evil spirits from their respective communities by sending them off to water bodies (rivers, lakes and seas).

Participants gather at the Yong Chuan Tian Temple in Banda Hilir as early as 6am.

The Hokkien deploy the Wangkang (King Barge) festival with an early morning procession through 13 old city streets (totalling 20km) including Jalan Banda Hilir (now Jalan Parameswara), which finally ends up back at the temple.

In the morning parade are lion and dragon dancers, floats of small boats, Chingay performers, stilt walkers and 5 Ong Yah. The Ong Yahs are seated on sedan chairs (jiao). The barge cost RM80,000 with dimensions of 6m (length) x 2.5m (width) x 2.5m (height).

Supplies loaded onto the barge are rice, water, wine, joss paper, herbs, pots and pans, stoves, etc. The supplies must be in equilibrium for heaven, earth and sea.

A night parade of the Wangkang at Pulau Melaka then ends at the water's edge where the Wangkang is set ablaze and set sail, carrying along with it all the evil spirits.

Source and external link:
07 February 2012. Malacca cleansed of 'evil spirits'. By JASON GERALD JOHN AND KELLY KOH LING MIN. MALACCA.

Read more: Malacca cleansed of 'evil spirits' - Top News - New Straits Times

Malacca Medical Mission, SS 1911-1933

1 April 1867: Straits Settlement
1911: St David's Hospital opened in Malacca by Dr Mildred Staley
1913: St Mary's School for Girls under Miss Eveleigh in KL
1929: A coconut fell on a Chinese boy who was brought to the Medical Mission
1933: Malacca Medical Mission closed due to lack of funds

In the Straits Settlement, there was a medical mission set up in Tranquerah, Malacca by the Anglican mission in 1911. It was named the St David's Hospital. It attended to the needs of the poor, women and children (Michael Poon, 2004).

A circa 1910-photograph of the medical mission appears on page 96 in the NUS book Historic Malacca Post Cards (Wong Yunn Chii, 2011). A sea-side view shows a double-storey brick building of mixed European and Malay/Indian architecture. Hemispheres appear above the windows and doors on the lower level and those on the upper floor have rectangles. The long narrow windows have half-louvers. A large verandah with chick blinds is atop the main part of the building (left half). Gutters and pipes can be seen. The roof is well designed and constructed. The other roof (right half) has small turrets and the columns have markings. A horse carriage (hackney, typical of the early 1900s) with a male rider (with songkok) carrying 3 people appears in front of the main door. A circular dry brick fountain appears in the foreground. Tall coconut trees surround the medical mission. Other buildings are nearby to the right of the medical mission. The photograph was probably taken late in the afternoon, judging from the long shadows of the coconut trees. The medical mission existed for 22 years and closed down in 1933 from lack of funds.

Sources and external links:
  1. Wong Yunn Chii. 2011. Historic Malacca Post Cards. National University of Singapore (NUS). ISBN 978-981-08-8400-0.
  2. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Archives on Borneo Mission in Trinity Theological College, Singapore. A Guide. Michael Poon, October 2004.
  3. KILLED BY COCONUT. The Straits Times, 5 December 1929, Page 12

Thursday, 12 December 2013

Obituary: Nelson Mandela 1918-2013

I met a few Africans when I studied in California for 6 years. My first roommate was a Black American girl aged 23 (I was 17). I also liked US history, knew a bit about Abraham Lincoln, the US Civil War and the Alamo. But it was cotton fields and slavery that caught my attention. Slavery was covered in my US History class and US Political Science class, which were compulsory classes for graduation. At the time, I never knew that the African slaves brought onto US soil were Muslims. It was only when Malaysia did a TV documentary for a Malay man who wanted to learn Black American music to match our musical style, that I learned of the African Muslim slaves in USA.

I remember Nelson Mandela from my school days, university days, and when I first started working. I wasn't interested in African politics but I was interested in African live, culture, and cuisine. At the time I came to know about Nelson Mandela and African politics, the movie Roots was playing on Malaysian TV. Our family enjoyed that movie and its re-runs. My father even mimicked some of the dialogues of its main actor, Alex Hailey. At one point, I thought he could be Alex Hailey's double!

I was most attracted to Robben Island, something that brings back memories of English literature when I was in Form 3, and we read the book, The Black Tulip. I have never seen a live black tulip. There was a visit to the university by a South African ex-prisoner, a Muslim and a Hafiz, who was also at Robben Island with Nelson Mandela. It was through him that I learned about life as a prisoner at Robben Island. What amazes me more is the undying spirit of the African prisoners. This African Muslim prisoner became a Hafiz while in prison. He had nothing else to do and studied the Quran and memorised it, from cover to cover, for the 17 years he spent at Robben Island. He met Nelson Mandela while at Robben Island. I wrote a book about Robben Island prisoners from my research and before I met the African Hafiz. It was a good meeting and I didn't feel I was talking to a former prisoner. Now that it is Nelson Mandela's funeral, memories return and I have to find my previous notes so I remember the old stories of Robben Island.

I checked the postings in my Facebook and a few websites on Nelson Mandela. I stumbled on the BBC News Hausa website. I browsed the Hausa web pages, and to my surprise, there were many words similar to Malay and Arabic - words like Zahara, Allah, shukur, Thiembikile, etc. They may have different meanings though in Hausa.

Nelson Mandela is special in that he struggled very hard in what he believed in and succeeded. His achievements are remarkable from a political standpoint. It is amazing what a man can do for his people and nation - he abolished apartheid. He shared the Nobel Peace Prize with de Klerk. I'm most touched by his rhetoric and statements or quotes. We ought to remember him as a hero who stood for justice for all peoples, black and white.

Wednesday, 11 December 2013

Highland Towers Tragedy 1993: Coping after 20 years

The Highland Towers tragedy occurred on Saturday afternoon on 11 December 1993. A massive landslide forced 12-storey Block A to collapse and 48 people died. Block B and Block C were subsequently vacated for safety reasons. Three people were pulled out alive (all females) from the rubble but one Japanese lady Shizue Nakajima (50) later died in hospital. The survivors are a maid and her baby daughter.

Former federal CID chief Tan Sri Zaman Khan Rahim Khan hopes to meet the 18-month old baby girl Nur Hamidah Najib who would now be 21. Her mother Umi Rashidah Khoruman (then 22) would be 42 today. Baby Nur Hamidah was the first to be pulled out alive, and was first handed to Zaman Khan. Zaman Khan held up the baby for the crowd and TV viewers to see. It was such a relief and joy to see a baby being pulled out alive; I think the whole nation cried. Umi was pulled out later by rescue workers. I remember they wheeled Umi in a wheelchair; she did appear shocked but sat quietly. Later she told how she saved her baby and herself. I remember she said she tied her baby to herself using a traditional sarong for carrying babies (kain gendung anak).

Many managed to escape death before or while Block A was collapsing. They managed to free themselves and escaped from the tumbling block. One lucky baby girl is Marisa, whose maid Lati carried her out to safety after she received orders from Marisa's mother, Rosina Abu Bakar. Marisa's father Carlos Rashid was in the shower. Later the remains of Marisa's parents were found in the staircase of the collapsed tower. Former deputy prime minister and Sime Darby Foundation chairman Tan Sri Musa Hitam (79) spoke about losing his family members in the tragedy to NationThe Star. He was in Kota Tinggi visiting villages at the time of the tragedy. He had rushed back to find his son and family. He had lunched with his son Carlos at his apartment in Block A, a week prior to the tragedy, and recalled seeing a bulldozer far away. That was the last time the father and son met. After the tragedy, baby Marisa was placed under the care of her aunt Rosana who had 2 children. Rosana was Tun Musa's youngest daughter. Marisa is now 20 years old and a second-year university student in psychology. She was informed of her real parents a few years ago, and took the news well. Tan Sri Musa has another son Hanif. He has 3 grandchildren - Marisa, Kaelan and __.

I also read about Dr PG George (72), an O&G consultant who lost his wife and 2 daughters aged 2 and 5 years in the tragedy. The family had just returned from a holiday in India and the tragedy happened day after their return while he was at work. He was terribly shocked and shaken but faith helped him to cope. He remarried and now dotes his 14-year old daughter.

I have only read a few stories and seen a few videos. There are many more painful stories that have not made it to the mass media.

Sources and external links:
Zaman: I wish to meet miracle girl. Nation, The Star Online. Tuesday, 10 December 2013.
Highland Towers: It still hurts - 20 years on. Nation, The Star Online. Wednesday, 11 December 2013.
YouTube: Highland Towers: Saving grace
The Highland Towers Tragedy 1/4
The Highland Towers Tragedy 2/4
The Highland Towers Tragedy 3/4
The Highland Towers Tragedy 4/4

Thursday, 5 December 2013

Penang Wedding

I came to office today and there was a wedding card in my pigeonhole. At first I had a hard time trying to remember names and people from 30 years ago when I worked at USM in Penang, The card is from my father's relative, Sharifah Hasnah Syed Aidid. I know her name but I can't recall when we last met. I know her eldest sister who also worked at USM and was in Persatuan Wanita USM with me. I remember attending her father's funeral rite at the family home in Ayer Itam. Her daughter's wedding is this Saturday, 7 December 2013; Affandi said we will try to make it (today is Thursday). My surgical wounds have healed and there should be no problem travelling by car, in shaa Allah. The East-West Highway should be safe even though it is the monsoon season here in Kelantan.

Father: Senator Syed Hassan Aidid
Mother: Sharifah Rahmah Aidid
Last known home address: 11, Mk. 1A, Ayer Itam Road, Penang
Children: 9
  1. Datin Dr Sharifah Mariam bte Tan Sri Syed Hassan Aidid married to Datuk Dr Adam Yee Abdullah @ Yee Thiam Sun. Their sons are Isa and Dr Ilias. 
  2. Sharifah Azizah Aidid married to Syed Taha bin Abdullah Sheikh Abubakar
  3. Sharifah Aminah Aidid (Singapore) married to Syed Salim Hassan Alkaff
  4. Sharifah Naemah Aidid married to Abdul Malik. They have 2 sons and a daughter.
  5. Sharifah Shipak Aidid married to Dr Razak Dali. They have 2 daughters and a son, Nazmi Hassan Razak.
  6. Sharifah Sheikhah Aidid married to Syed Ismail Al Wafa
  7. Sharifah Zahrah Aidid married to Roslie
  8. Sharifah Sakinah Aidid married to Dr Syed Mohamad Syed Sahil (Prof Syed Mohsin's brother)
  9. Sharifah Hasnah Aidid married to Prof Abu Hassan bin Abu Bakar*. She had worked at the USM Medical School before, 1984-1990. 

*There are 2 USM lecturers with the same name. I'm uncertain which one married Sharifah Hasnah.

Another Prof Abu Hassan is also known as Danker in his circle of close friends, including Prof Zairi Jaal (mosquito research). Prof Zairi Jaal is the brother of Zaiton Jaal, I think possibly an ex-TKCian. Prof Abu Hassan graduated from the University of Davies, California. I don't know his field of specialty (he is in Biology School, USM).

Tuesday, 26 November 2013

Dato Dr Sharom Ahmat

Dato Dr Sharom Ahmat was the Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Academic Affairs in 1979. He interviewed me in California when I was in 3rd year university in 1979. I then joined USM after I completed my MSc in 1982. He remembers me because I was late for my interview that day and was the last to be interviewed and he waited till I appeared, and said never mind because I had a class. I had informed him earlier before he arrived on campus that I had a class and maybe I could not make it to the interview. After I graduated with my MSc, I reported for duty to him at USM Penang campus on 28 june 1982. This is my first and last job, in shaa Allah. I met him again at the Penang Story Lecture at the E&O Hotel on 18 August 2013.

Penang Story Lecture 17-18 August 2013

Berita Harian, 10 September 1970, Page 2
Persaingan terbuka, menurut Dr. Sharom Ahmat

Public Lecture

Dr Albert Stanley McKern (1885-1945)-- a Penang Doctor in Myth and Reality

Date: Saturday, 30 November 2013
Time: 3.00pm to 5.00pm
Venue: Lone Pine Hotel, Batu Feringghi, Penang.

Invitation by donation only, PHT Member RM30 nett, non-member RM50 nett.  Tea will be served!
Proceeds to the Penang Heritage Trust. 
Contact +604-264 2631 or email before 26 November 2013. Open to 60 pax on first come, first serve basis!
Join PHT as member today to enjoy the special discount, visit to download the membership form.     

An announcement in 2008 that Sydney, Yale and Edinburgh Universities had received a multi-million dollar bequest from the estate of Dr A.S. McKern drew public attention to this Australian physician who spent the inter-war years in practice in Penang.  Dr McKern’s death in a Japanese internment camp in Sumatra contradicted the widely held belief that the popular doctor had remained hidden in his Tanjung Bungah house during the Japanese occupation. This talk draws on archival records and wartime internment diaries to lay to rest the myths surrounding Dr McKern’s final years while at the same time recalling his remarkable career and legacy.


Leslie James
Born in Scotland Leslie James is a retired Canadian diplomat with long experience in Asia Pacific, including two assignments at Canada's mission in Malaysia. A graduate in modern history and modern languages from the University of Toronto, he speaks Malay/Indonesian and has resided in Kuala Lumpur and Penang with his Malaysian-born wife for the past fifteen years. A writer and speaker on Malaysian historical subjects with an interest in local and regional military history, he is a member of PHT, Badan Warisan Malaysia, the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society and the British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia. He has been editor of the PHT Newsletter since 2005.

Michael Rawlinson
Born in England, Michael Rawlinson is a retired Hong Kong civil servant with experience in Asia. A graduate and instructor of what is now known as the Hong Kong Police Academy, he has resided in Penang with his Penang-born wife for the past eight years. A speaker on Asian historical subjects with an interest in local and military history, he is a member of Penang Heritage Trust, the Hong Kong and Malaysian Branches of the Royal Asiatic Society, the Royal Society for Asian Affairs and the British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia.

Organisers: Penang Heritage Trust & Think City  |  Venue Sponsor: Lone Pine Hotel, Penang
Description: cid:image001.png@01CEE064.46C1F1F0

PHT ordinary membership RM50.00 admission fee RM60.00 annual fee
Life membership RM1,000.00 | New! Youth membership RM30.00 admission fee RM30.00 annual fee
Donations are tax exempted.
Penang Story Lectures and events, sign up for notifications here.

Thursday, 21 November 2013

Haiyan Aftermath

The Philippines experiences some 21 typhoons a year. Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines on Friday, 8 November 2013. Less than 2 weeks on (today is 21 November 2013), we still hear news of widespread disaster and the victims are trying their best to continue living under very trying conditions. Children cry everywhere. The people are left hungry in the cold, scrounging among the rubble to find anything edible or useful. Temporary shelters on broken buildings and zinc sheets shade some fortunate families from the rain. Some neighbours have drowned and perished right in front of the ones alive today. Rotting bodies lie by the roadsides in plastics mortuary bags, awaiting mass burial. Mass burial is slow as there are not enough hands to assist. Hospitals cannot operate as they are in ruins. The Filipinos depend on outside aid to make life good again. When can all these end? I don't know. It may take more than 2 years, that's what the experts say.

Why did typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines?

In Facebook, there is a video that tells what happened before typhoon Haiyan struck. It showed the grievances of a group of people with kopiah - they are Muslim men. They were complaining that some non Muslims had come to use the mosque when they prayed. Then the mosque was demolished by bulldozers and burned. After that incidence, typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines.

Was typhoon Haiyan a wrath of God?

People have mixed feelings about Haiyan. To the Muslim mass, Haiyan was 'wrath paid in cash' and others reserved what they thought about Haiyan. It is very painful to view entire videos and TV programs about the aftermath of Haiyan in the Philippines, but there are lessons human beings need to learn ie, to respect others and their faiths.

What can we do about Haiyan's victims?

The Malaysian Government has sent its army to assist. They include the army field hospital. But that was in the part of the Philippines least hit by Haiyan, so it is easy to put back the state to normality. Tacloban was hardest hit and most featured in many TV programs and in the news. I am surprised to come to know that there is so much wood and wooden articles among the rubble. There is very little remains of brick structures. I don't know how long it will take for Tacloban to fully recover. I suppose plastic tents and temporary small wooden homes will help. There should be satellite photos of Tacloban before Haiyan, so that the people helping out would know where the roads should be repaved or rebuilt, and where temporary houses need to be set up or tents pitched. For now everything is a big mess.

Google search for 'Haiyan Aftermath'

Sunday, 17 November 2013

St John Ambulance HQ, Kota Bharu, Kelantan


The St John Ambulance HQ in Kota Bharu is behind the Esso petrol pump and bordered by Jalan Gereja and Jalan Mahmud, adjacent to the Pembangunan Perempuan building and right in front of the new Hotel Perdana, and some distance from Hotel Sentosa. The main entrance is near the Hotel Sentosa side. The left side faces Hotel Perdana, and the back faces the Pembangunan Perempuan building. The building appears dilapidated but there is movement and some cars are parked on its grounds. I don't know who works there. Google map indicates the venue is that of Ibu Pejabat Cawangan Bulan Sabit Merah Kelantan.

View St John Ambulance HQ, Kota Bharu, Kelantan in a larger map

History of the Early Malay Doctors

In our medical history, the St John Ambulance is a favourite organisation and many of the early Malay doctors joined the St John Ambulance in order to help their communities and offer their expertise. They were also members of the Order of the St John (OStJ).


1908 -- establishment of St John Ambulance in Malaysia

1908-1938 -- first 30 years, activities limited to Army and Railway

1938 -- formation of St John Ambulance Brigade in major states. Members were recruited as Stretcher-Bearers and attended First Aid lectures (in due light of WWII). First Aid Posts were opened at the Divisions.

September 1941 -- introduction of Medical Auxiliary Service (MAS). St John Ambulance Brigade members absorbed into MAS; they used uniforms and held ranks.

1946 -- St John Ambulance Brigade members were paid 'war allowance'.

8 December 1941 - 15 September 1945 -- WWII; the St John Ambulance Brigade served alongside the British Armed Forces (military) and the British Malayan Railway Administration (railway). They retreated from the Japanese conquered towns and headed south to Singapore to assist in the Battle of Singapore.

14 & 15 February 1942 -- the St John Ambulance Brigade members were involved in the Battle of Singapore.

15 September 1945 -- surrender of the Japanese in Singapore.

1945 -- reoccupation of Malaya by the British Armed Forces (military).

1959 -- the St John Ambulance functioned in all the Malay states.

1972 -- the St John Ambulance Association and St John Ambulance Brigade within Malaysia, were amalgamated into one Corporation known as the St John Ambulance of Malaysia, under the St John Ambulance of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act, 1972 which was passed by the Malaysian Parliament.

St John Ambulance HQ at left and Hotel Perdana at right.
Main entrance on Jalan Gereja
Viewed from Jalan Mahmud

External links
St John Association of Malaysia -
St John Ambulance of Malaysia -
Facebook -
Order of the St John -

HRPZ II Kota Bharu, Kelantan (4)

Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II (HRPZ II)

The casualty section is a big building with old Malay architecture and facade, and is labelled as Kecemasan. In other hospitals, it is called and labelled as Accident and Emergency (A&E). The Kecemasan building fronts Jalan Hospital. Ambulances drive on Jalan Hospital, enter through the main entrance (arch) and drive up the ramp at Kecemasan.

Site map and layout plan of the hospital. The old colonial buildings are low single-storey and with tiled roofs. The more recent additions are mixed, some are low and some are high-rise and the roof styles differ greatly. Visiting hours are posted but the parking lot is always full and the public seems to be on the hospital ground 24h. The public likes this hospital as they prefer the old low-lying buildings as opposed to the more modern high-rise complexes.

View HRPZ II in a larger map

Visiting hours for the public

The director's office building is a single white building with red roof. The director's office is upstairs on the first floor (tingkat 1). The office is very small and packed.

A hawker selling pau in front of the director's office complex. The high-rise is Wisma Persekutuan. The casualty is at left.

The new orthopaedic department (Jabatan Ortopedik) and clinic are housed in front of the casualty. The old orthopaedic clinic used to be in the old colonial building near the old x-ray unit.