Thursday, 28 January 2016

Obituary: Prof Rogayah bt Jaafar (1955-2016)

Prof Rogayah bt Jaafar (1955-2016)
Dept of Medical Education
School of Medical Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia

It is with great sadness that I post here on the demise of my colleague, Prof Rogayah Jaafar. I knew her since June 1982 when I joined the USM Medical School. Prof Rogayah was from Johor. She was born on 8 January 1955. She headed the Department of Medical Education. She retired at 58.

She was admitted to Hospital USM on 10 January 2016 and passed away earlier this morning. She passed away on Thursday, 28 January 2016, 30 minutes after midnight. She was 61 when she passed away.

She leaves behind her husband, Prof Zulkifli Ahmad (Community Medicine USM Medical School & USM Dental School Research Deputy Dean), and 5 children - eldest boy and 4 girls.

Her daughters and husband were present at the mortuary where staff could pay their last respect. Her son was on his way to HUSM. I met the family members except her son.

She will be interred at the Muslim burial site at Kg Baung Bayam, near Cherang. I don't know the burial place.

The following pics were obtained from the Internet. They are not mine. They belong to USM.

Prof Rogayah working in her office at Medical Education.
Dept of Medical Education, School of Medical Sciences,
USM in Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
Dept function. Prof Rogayah is seated next to her husband.
Prof Rogayah cutting the cake. Her PA Jamilah is on her right.
Dr Najib Mat Pa and Dr Rose
Prof Rogayah and I et al, last wrote this CDAE module for USM
External links

USM Medical School

List of departments

Prof Rogayah's CV (online)

Prof Rogayah - speaker's bio

Prof Rogayah - speaker's bio
Rogayah Jaafar is a Professor of Medical Education and the founding Head of the Department of Medical Education at the School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia. She obtained her Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree from the University of Cairo, Egypt, her Master of Health Professional Education from the University of New South Wales, Australia and her post graduate fellowship certificate in Health Leadership Development (ICHLD) from the University of Chicago, USA. Dr. Rogayah’s teaching and research interests include curriculum development, partnership and leadership development, interprofessional education and women’s  health issues.
10th Asia Pacific Medical Education Conference (APMEC)
National University of Singapore, Singapore
16-20 January 2013

Adolescent’s Attitudes Towards Health Warning Message on Cigarette Packs
Zulkifli Ahmad, Rogayah Jaafar,* Razlan Musa, and Nyi Nyi Naing
The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (MJMS)
Malays J Med Sci. 2001 Jan; 8(1): 20–24.

Arunodaya Barman, Rogayah Jaafar, Noorliza Mastura Ismail*
Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, January 2006, pp.63-67

Curricular Trends in Malaysian Medical Schools: Innovations Within
Nor Mohd Adnan Azila,1 BSc, PhD (UK), Jaafar Rogayah,2 MBBCh (Cairo), MHPEd (NSW),
Zabidi Azhar Mohd Hussin Zabidi-Hussin,3 MBBS (N’Cle), MRCP (UK), FRCPCH
Ann Acad Med Singapore 2006;35:647-54
Review Article

Learning style preferences of nursing students at two universities in Iran and Malaysia.
Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad1, *, Rogayah Ja’afar2
Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions (JEEHP)
J Edu Eval Health Prof 24 November 2014

PHT Exhibition & Talk: The Chulia Diaspora, Mosque and Endowments

I have covered a little bit about the founding of Masjid Kapitan Keling in Penang by Cauder Merican. His descendants carry the Merican clan name. Examples of early doctors from this clan are Penang's first doctor, Dr A. O. Merican, and his sons, Dr Carleel Merican and Dr Ezanee Merican. Their biographies are in my book. Cauder Merican's Will is also mentioned in my book.

Khoo Salma Nasution heads the Penang Heritage Trust (PHT). Salma's book is The Chulia in Penang. This book has won her the Australian ICAS book award. I hope you can attend Salma's talk and exhibition in Kuala Lumpur.


PHT Exhibition and talk: The Chulia Diaspora, Mosque and Endowments
Date: Saturday, 30 January 2016
Speakers: Khoo Salma Nasution (book author) and Jasmin Wahab (film producer)
Time: 10:00 am - Book signing ceremony
           10:30 am - 1:00 pm - Talks
           Tour of exhibition (after talks)
Venue: Islamic Arts Museum, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
             (near Masjid Negara in Kuala Lumpur)


I'm re-posting an email from Khoo Salma:

from:      Khoo Salma <>
to:      Faridah Abdul Rashid <>
date:      23 January 2016 at 11:44
subject: Fwd: The Chulia Diaspora, exhibition and talk, Islamic Arts Museum KL, Sat 30 Jan 2016

Dear Faridah,

I am pleased to invite you to my talk at the Islamic Arts Museum in Kuala Lumpur at 10am Sat 30 Jan 2016.

It is based on my book The Chulia in Penang: Patronage and Place-Making around the Kapitan Kling Mosque" which explores the history of Penang's links with the Indian Ocean and in particular of the South Indian Muslims who came in large numbers during the East India Company period, contributing to Malaysia's culturally diverse heritage.

I have presented this powerpoint (always a bit differently) at the School of African and Oriental Studies (SOAS) in London, at the ICAS conference in Adelaide, at a talk organised by the Indian Heritage Centre and URA in Singapore, also at a conference in Kanyakumari, India, apart from several talks in Malaysia.

But for my KL friends I will throw in the story of how Sheikh Tahir Jalaluddin resolved the Mihrab / Qibla controversy at the Kapitan Kling Mosque (with comments by S.M. Zainul Abidin).

The film-maker Jasmin Wahab will be my co-speaker. Please arrive at 10am as you will need to look for the auditorium, the event actually starts at 10.30am, ending at 1.00pm with a tour of the exhibition. My books will be available for sale.

Please think of your friends who might be interested to attend and help me forward to them!


Khoo Salma's The Chulia in Penang wins ICAS Book Award


This is IAMM's circular which I received with Salma's email.

IAMM circular:

The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM) invites you to "The Chulia Diaspora, Mosque and Endowments", a lecture by Khoo Salma Nasution and Jasmin Wahab. The lecture is organised in conjunction with IAMM's latest exhibition entitled "The Chulia in Penang".

“During the era of the British East India Company, the South Indians appeared in British records as “Chulia”. The Chulias who came to the Straits of Malacca consisted mainly, but not exclusively, of Muslims. The Chulias lived and worked in the port area, and around the Kapitan Kling Mosque in George Town, Penang. This community played a key entrepreneurial role in the development of the Penang port and its region. The local born Indian Muslims, known as “Jawi Pekan” or “Jawi Peranakan”, gradually assimilated with the Malay community.”

The lecture will be held on 30th January 2016 (Saturday) at 10 am at IAMM, followed by a book-signing session and lecturing tour of the exhibition at the Open Space Gallery. For further enquiries or to reserve your seats, kindly contact the Education Department at:

Tel : 03-2270 5136 / 5111 / 5101 / 5103

Speakers & Film Producer

Thursday, 21 January 2016

Dr A Bearblock

From Judith Cable, also in Facebook:

Posted by Judy C to The Early Malay Doctors at 21 January 2016 at 05:19

Judy C has left a new comment on your post "Yahya Ibrahim":

Hi - I was wondering if you had any information on a Dr Bearblock. Dr Bearblock was a British doctor who trained other in Malaya. I am trying to track down those who may have known him.

Many thanks


Google search for 'Dr Bearblock' on 21 January 2015, 7:22am:


BEARBLOCK Dr Charles Henry of Saltash MB BS DRCOG ...

His full name is Dr Charles Henry Bearblock (MBBS, DRCOG) of Saltash.

He was a medical practitioner and an O&G doctor. He was a postgraduate holder of the Diploma from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (DRCOG).

The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists is based at:

27 Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London NW1 4RG

The Facebook page for RCOG is at


Google search for 'Saltash in UK' on 21 January 2016, 7:43am:

Cornwall Record Office (CRO), Cornwall, England:
The historical records are from the mid-12th century to the 21st century.


When was Dr Bearblock born?

When did he obtain his MBBS?

When did he obtain his DRCOG?

When did Dr Bearblock serve in Malaya?

As the British doctors were distributed throughout Malaya, a time frame and a name of a place or a State in Malaya would help to search for people who had worked with Dr Bearblock in Malaya.


Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue:

Search catalogue for 'Charles Henry Bearblock':


Newspaper search for 'Dr C H Bearblock' at the NewspaperSG archives in Singapore.

There are 22 results on him:

'Dr A. Bearblock' had worked in Malaya from April 1933 till the breakout of WW2 in Malaya, 1941.

The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942), 10 April 1933, Page 13
Family members who embarked on the Patroclus at Birkenhead on 25 March 1933 for the Straits Settlements were:
Dr. A. Bearblock
Mrs. Bearblock
Master D. Bearblock
- the voyage took 11 days

The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942), 21 April 1933, Page 12
The following passengers by T.S.S. Patroclus are expected to arrive in Singapore today:
Dr. and Mrs. A. Bearblock and child
Dr F. D. Zau

The Straits Times, 28 November 1934, Page 13
- Dr. McNab, of the Taiping Hospital, has succeeded Dr. A. Bearblock as Medical Officer, General Hospital, Teluk Anson.
- Dr. A. Bearblock has gone to Kuala Kangsar on transfer.

The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942), 30 December 1936, Page 8
Saturday, 26 December 1936
- Dr. A. Bearblock

The Straits Times, 12 June 1937, Page 13
- H.H. the Sultan of Perak suffered from influenza.
- Dr. G. A. Graham who succeeded Dr. E. Bearblock, Medical Officer, Kuala Kangsar, attended to His Highness.
:: The 30th Sultan of Perak at Kuala Kangsar at the time was Sultan Iskandar Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah I (1918–1938). He passed away a year after Dr. G. A. Graham had seen to him for his influenza. This was before the Second World War (WW2).

In Last Night's Government Gazette
The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942), 1 July 1939, Page 3
- Dr. E. D. Lindow to officiate as Chief Medical Officer, Penang.
- Dr. A. Bearblock to act as Chief Medical Officer, Malacca.
- Dr. C. Samugam, House Physician, Grade III, S.S. Medical Service, seconded for service
  under the Government of Sarawak.

The Straits Times, 15 August 1941, Page 10
From the NST's Malacca correspondent, 14 August 1941
- 21 applications for exemption from all training
- Local Forces (Training) Ordinance, 1940
- Tribunal members: Mr. J. C. Cobbett (chairman),
   Mr. H. J. Ridgewell, and Mr. G. W. Bryant (Resident Councillor).
- 14 applicants in the Medical Department will be represented by Dr. A. Bearblock,
  Chief Medical Officer.

Which Sultan of Perak reigned when Dr Bearblock worked in Malaya?
28. Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah I (1887–1916)
29. Sultan Abdul Jalil Karamatullah Nasiruddin Mukhataram Shah (1916–1918)
30. Sultan Iskandar Shah (1918–1938)

Sultan of Perak
Siak Sultanate
27. Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I (1877–1887)
28. Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah I Ibni Almarhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar (1887–1916)
29. Sultan Abdul Jalil Karamatullah Nasiruddin Mukhataram Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah I (1916–1918)
30. Sultan Iskandar Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah I (1918–1938)
31. Sultan Abdul Aziz Al-Mutasim Billah Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa I (1938–1948)
32. Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Jalil Karamatullah Nasiruddin Mukhataram Shah (1948–1963)
33. Sultan Idris Iskandar Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah II Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah (1963–1984)
34. Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah (1984–2014)
35. Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah (2014–present)

Sultan Iskandar of Perak

Perak Palaces

Archive: Malaysian National Archives/Arkib Negara Malaysia (ANM)

Ref. No.: ANM 1957/0461300

Title: Requests that the Medical & Health Department should have prior notice of ships calling at Port Dickson.

Source: Office of the Government Secretary of Negeri Sembilan

Dr A. Bearblock had worked as Assistant/Acting Medical Officer in Negeri Sembilan. The Health and Medical Department had requested that foreign ships which called at Port Dickson to inform the department prior to arrival. Foreign ships should only be allowed in the port after the Medical Officer had performed a health inspection of the ship.


Wednesday, 6 January 2016

Malayan Girl Guides

Pemandu Wanita di-negeri ini lahir pada tahun 1917
Berita Harian, 22 October 1966, Page 9

-- Before WW1 --

The Girl Guides was born in Berkshire, England on 6 February 1909.

The World Scouts Movement was formed by Lord Baden Powell.

He was the Chief Scout and his wife, Chief of the Girl Guides.

** History of the Girl Guides

The girls at Pinkneys Green wanted their own society for women.
They included schoolgirls, shop workers, and domestic maids.

Lord Baden Powell registered the women's society under the Girl Guides (Pemandu Perempuan).

Lord Baden Powell was a fine soldier. However, the societies he helped formed did not involve military activities. Instead, they were formed to train boys and girls, men and women, to help one another, to be brave, to be law-abiding, and to believe in oneself.

The motto for the Scouts and Girl Guides is "Be Ready."
Their rules are one and the same.

The Scouts and Girl Guides movements expanded and reached other countries - British Colonies, Europe and America. They are everywhere today.

-- During WW1 --

By the time of the first World War, there were thousands of Scouts and Girl Guides.

The Girl Guides wore the original blue pinafore.

The Girl Guides worked alongside volunteers and the Red Cross.

They attended to the wounded. They did charity work to raise money for their coffers.

** Malayan Girl Guides

The Malayan Girl Guides was established in Kuala Lumpur in 1917.
The girls were not that social and were still shy at the time.
The first batch of schoolgirls were from the Methodist Girls' School in Kuala Lumpur.
The school's American headmistress encouraged the girls to establish the Girl Guides.
This Girl Guides was registered in India.

-- After WW1 --

The Malayan Girl Guides activities expanded between 1919 and 1921.
It expanded from Kuala Lumpur to other districts in Selangor, Penang, and Butterworth.

In 1921, a HQ Council was formed for all Malayan Girl Guides.
Its President was Lady Guillemard.
Its Chief Commissioner was Mrs Cavendish.

The Girl Guides was introduced to the other states.
Girl Guides training classes were held in Penang and Perak.

Seremban and Malacca established their Girl Guides after 1925.

In Perak, the Girl Guides opened sub-branches in small towns such as Batu Gajah and Tapah.

Even though the Girl Guides expanded rapidly, the members were girls and ladies
who could speak English; there were no Malay ladies.

The first Malay ladies who joined the Girl Guides were from Sekolah Kampong Baharu, Kuala Lumpur.
There were 50 people; they comprised Brownies and Girl Guides.
The beginners were Brownies, who then advance to Girl Guides when they gained experience.
They joined the Brownies on 13 May 1923.
They were known as Malay Brownies (Brownie2 Melayu).

The Malay Brownies then expanded to Negeri Sembilan and Johor.

The first all-Malayan Girl Guides camping or gathering was held in Malacca in 1932.
Following the first successful gathering, the second one was held in 1932.

In the meantime, many British women arrived from England to assist the Girl Guides in Malaya to train new members. Some of the women who had long served the Girl Guides left to return to their home countries. The ladies were bestowed medals for their great contributions to charities.

The Girl Guides published their monthly bulletin in 1935.
Lady Shenton Thomas became the President.
Sir Shenton Thomas was the British High Commissioner to Malaya.

The third gathering was held in 1933, one in Malacca and another in Kuala Lumpur.

The problem faced was training new members about Girl Guides activities.
An experienced British lady, Mrs Croft Watts, was sent from India to assist.

In 1936, a magazine about the Girl Guides was published in Penang, where its HQ was opened.

In the meantime, a group of Indian Brownies was formed in Kuala Lumpur.

-- Before WW2 --

As WW2 approached, another gathering was held in Malacca, and courses were held in many states.

-- During WW2 --

The Girl Guides activities halted abruptly during the Japanese occupation in Malaya.

-- After WW2 --

The Girl Guides was revived after the war, in 1946.

The HQ resumed its activities in 1947.

There were many historical records created by the Malayan Girl Guides.

In 1948, two members of the Malayan Girl Guides went to England to attend courses on Girl Guides activities. They were Che Lili Majid and Nona Ng Ooi Chan.

 ** Is this the late Dr Lily Majid, elder sister of Dr Ruby Majid - an early Malay doctor?

In 1950, the Malayan Girl Guides attended an international gathering and camp in Australia.

In 1951, five members of the Malayan Girl Guides won the Queens Guide prize.

In 1952, a group of Malayan Girl Guides attended a gathering in England.

In 1953, the Malayan Girl Guides which had served both Malaya and Singapore, separated to form two bodies.

In 1953, a Malayan Girl Guide, Che Hasnah binti Mohd Ali, was sent to attend a Juliette Low Guide course in Switzerland.

  ** Is this Tun Dr Siti Hasmah bt Mohd Ali, an early Malay doctor?

The Malayan Girl Guides was a busy body. It sent a delegation to attend many international conferences, new offices and many tents were opened, etc.

In 1957, when Malaya gained its independence, the Federated Malay States Guides Society combined with the World Guides Society.

In 1958, the Chief Commissioner post was held by a Malayan, Mrs Navaratnam.

Malaysia can boast of her Girl Guides activities as they are on par with those of developed countries.

** World Girl Guides

74 countries became members of the Girl Guides world body.
Malaysia is a member.
Lady Baden Powell remained as its Chief.
The body held its 19th international conference in Tokyo.

Pic caption: Lady Baden-Powell gave her speech at the Camp Windsor Great Park, Berkshire, England during the 100th birthday anniversary of Lord Baden-Powell.

Pemandu Wanita di-negeri ini lahir pada tahun 1917
Berita Harian, 22 October 1966, Page 9