Wednesday, 31 October 2012

Salasilah Kesultanan Kedah

Oldest Malay Sultanate ...

The Kedah Sultanate existed long before the Kelantan and Malacca Sultanates. It is the oldest Malay sultanate known in Malaysia.

The Sultanate of Kedah was the earliest sultanate on the Malay Peninsula and one of the oldest Sultanates in the world, founded in 1136. - Wikipedia
Who's Who ...

The royal marriages and family tree are here:


What is interesting is that, many of the country's pioneers and record holders involved royal family members from Kedah, Negeri Sembilan, Terengganu, etc.

Let's see ...

First Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (Federated Malay States/FMS):
Tuanku Abdul Rahman Muhammad (Yang di-Pertuan Besar NS). His eldest daughter Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah married to Sultan Abdul Halim (Kedah).

Sultan Abdul Hamid (Kedah) had 2 illustrious princes: Sultan Badlishah and Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj

First Prime Minister of Malaysia: Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj Sultan Abdul Hamid (Kedah)

14th Agong: Sultan Abdul Halim Sultan Badlishah (Kedah)

Kings of Kedah ...

1. Merong Maha Wangsa @ Sultan Mudzaffar Shah (r. 1136-1179)

24. Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah @ Halim Shah (r. 1854-1879; 2 wives
- Wan Jah Long Nik Abidin and Wan Hajar Wan Ismail)

25. Sultan Zainal Rashid Muadzam Shah II (r. 1879-1881; son of Wan Jah)

26. Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah (r. 1882-1943; his younger brother was Tunku Mahmud; he was the grandfather of Tuanku Abdul Halim; married 8x to Siamese and Sharifah ladies; 45 children - 23 princes & 22 princesses). The 8 wives were:
Che Spachendra
Che Laraseh
Che Samanirat
Che Manjalara
Sharifah Meriam*
Sharifah Seha*
Sharifah Fatimah*
Che Sofiah - her sons were Sultan Badlishah and Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj (first PM); she was the niece of Tunku Abdul Hamid

* Note: (a) The 3 Sharifah ladies mentioned above were also connected to the earliest Arab clan of Kampung Batu Uban in Penang. These Arabs were there before Francis Light arrived in Penang. Sharifah Seha was also connected to the Malacca Arab people in the vicinity of Masjid Tengkera (Tranquerah Mosque) where Sultan Hussein Shah (the last Singapore-Johor Sultan) was interred. Today, her descendants can be found in Penang, Kuala Lumpur and Kelantan. Some of her descendants/relatives included Syed Sheikh Alhadi (tutor to the Riau ruler Raja Haji Ali), Syed Alwi Alhadi (eldest son of Syed Sheikh), Dr Mohamed bin Alwi Alhadi (an early Malay doctor; an eminent gastrosurgeon), Prof Syed Mohsin Syed Sahil Jamalullail, etc. Some of the graves can be found at Tanah Perkuburan Islam, Masjid Jamek Mukim Jelutong in Jelutong Timur, Penang.

27. Sultan Badlishah Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah (his mother was Che Sofiah; his son is Sultan Abdul Halim - 14th Agong).

1. Married Tunku Asma Sultan Sulaiman (T'ganu)
7 children:
Tunku Husna
Tunku Kamariah
Tunku Annuar - Tunku Bendahara, Datuk Seri Tunku Annuar Sultan Badlishah (deceased May 2014)
Tunku Bishariah
Tunku Badriyatul Jamil
Tunku Abdul Hamid Thani - Tunku Laksamana, Datuk Seri Tunku Abdul Hamid Thani Sultan Badlishah
Tunku Sallehuddin - Tunku Temenggong, Tan Sri Tunku Sallehuddin Sultan Badlishah

2. Married Tunku Sofiah Tunku Mahmud, 1943, Istana Anak Bukit
5 children, 3 princes and 2 princesses:
Tunku Abdul Hamid
Tunku Abdul Halim
Tunku Mansor
Tunku Hamidah
Tunku Sakinah

28. Sultan Abdul Halim Sultan Badlishah (b. 28 November 1927 Istana Anak Bukit, Alor Setar; succeeded Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin as Yang di-Pertuan Agong Ke-14 on 11 April 2012, r. 13 December 2011-present). His uncle was Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.

Siblings of Sultan Abdul Halim ... (12 siblings)

Tunku Bendahara, Datuk Seri Tunku Annuar Sultan Badlishah - deceased May 2014
Tunku Temenggong, Tan Sri Tunku Sallehuddin Sultan Badlishah
Tunku Laksamana, Datuk Seri Tunku Abdul Hamid Thani Sultan Badlishah

Marriages of Sultan Abdul Halim ...

1. Almarhumah Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah, m. March 1956, Istana Seri Menanti, NS.
She was the eldest princess of Yang di-Pertuan Besar NS, Tuanku Abdul Rahman Muhammad, first Agong. Deceased 26 August 2003, Istana Kuala Chegar, Anak Bukit

2. Che Puan Haminah Hamidun (b. Bagan Serai, Perak), married Tuanku Sultan Abdul Halim 25 December 1975, new Sultanah Kedah, name styled Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tuanku Sultanah Kedah.

Princesses of Sultan Abdul Halim ...(daughters of Sultanah Bahiyah)

Tunku Soraya
Tunku Sarina (mangkat)
Tunku Panglima Besar, Datuk Seri Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz Sultan Abdul Halim

Monday, 29 October 2012

Doctors without work

This year is my 30th year teaching at the USM medical school. I have not been to or seen other medical schools except that at UniKL in Ipoh where I was an external examiner for the first year students. So my impression below is a rather closed one (like katak bawah tempurung). Anyway, it is good to read.

When I first joined as a lecturer in June 1982, there were many PhD lecturers and very few medical lecturers. There was at least one medical lecturer per discipline. In my department (Chemical Pathology/Medical Biochemistry/Biochemistry), we had a medical doctor as HOD (Dr Mohamed Said bin Hashim Tahir, MBBS UKM), Dr Kalavathy Jayavant (MBBS India), and 4 basic science (non MBBS) lecturers - Musalmah (MSc Reading), Akmal (MSc Hull), Nadiah (BSc UK) and myself (MSc California).

While in Penang, as lecturers, we helped out at the USM Specialist Clinic beside GH Penang. I spent a lot of my time at the clinical lab upstairs as I was interested to learn about the chemistry analyzers and all the other machines which was my first time working in a clinical lab. I even wrote my first clinical lab manual for my department which was used to train our medical lab technologists. I then made further versions as the machines changed and new knowledge came to the fore. I enjoyed my clinical lab work. (I was from a pure science research lab in California.)

When I was transferred to work at Hospital USM (HUSM) in Kubang Kerain, Kelantan, I worked in the admin side and did purchasing for the hospital. I did not do medical teaching as only the 4th and 5th year were at HUSM while the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year students were still based in USM Penang. I worked at HUSM from September 1983 till mid-February 1985, and then left to do my PhD in Australia.

When I returned to Malaysia, I was directed to go straight to USM based in Kelantan and report there. I was back at my old workplace but had lost my job as HOD in Chemical Pathology at HUSM. A female medical specialist was now the new HOD. I was told they preferred an MBBS since it was a hospital.

Time passed and I matured with my job. When I learned to read my pay slip correctly with the codes deciphered, there was hardly any money to my name. I paid my taxes to LHDN, first to the Penang branch and later to the Kota Bharu branch after my income tax file was transferred.

Along the line, there was a big argument about how PhD-holders should be addressed, ie differently from the MBBS lecturers, ie to alienate them. The tall order came from the Dean's office in B/W. My name became DR Faridah Abdul Rashid (if I was an MBBS doctor, it would have been Dr Faridah Abdul Rashid). For a long time, DR and Dr did not bother me because I just typed all the names with Dr and that was that. I didn't follow the rule because it was a stupid rule.

Somewhere down the line, another phenomenon struck the PhD-holders. This time USM paid all its medical lecturers what is called a clinical allowance. This clinical allowance is for medical doctors (also called specialists) to do clinic. They get this special allowance for being involved in clinics, handling patients, dealing with patients face to face, prescribing medicines for patients, etc. The PhD-holders did not get any clinical allowance as they don't have clinics and are not involved with clinical duties. Fine.

But, not all specialists have clinics! Many medical doctors become lecturers so they are medical specialists but many do not have clinics or see patients. Would they qualify for clinical allowance? Outright NO! So what did these doctors do? They fought for a critical allowance as opposed to clinical allowance. What is this critical allowance? When I first heard of that term, I was lost! I had thought that critical allowance was meant for critical injuries suffered by lecturers during their line of duty. But I was wrong. I went to ask at the medical school registrar (Pendaftar). The critical allowance is paid to medical specialists who are not involved in clinics and have no clinical duties. I was really lost when I found this out. Just because they are medical specialists and don't have any clinics, they get the critical allowance (which is 75% of clinical allowance).

Recently, the medical specialists went to KKM or some other, to fight for an additional perk called the teaching allowance. I first heard about it when I was in my car and headed to Kota Bharu to get some groceries. My husband informed me about teaching allowance for medical specialists. I laughed because to a PhD-holder, the idea was ridiculous.

So now, medical specialists with a postgraduate degree have a lot of money - basic salary + clinical allowance/critical allowance + teaching allowance. If they run clinics they are paid clinical allowance. Otherwise, they get a critical allowance.

PhD-holders (like me) get only a basic salary. Our work is the same as that of a medical specialist. PhD-holders also have to teach clinical sessions such as problem-based learning (PBL) in Phase 2 Medicine (year 2 & year 3), which is actually clinical discussion. Some have to do IDA (interdisciplinary discussion which is also a clinical session). PhD-holders are not paid critical and teaching allowances. So that alone makes the PhD-holder a second class citizen within the medical school. It is bitter to be paid less than our medical counterparts but that is a fact of life. The medical specialists are greedy, that's all I can say. They are very greedy indeed and all that they care for is getting more money for doing nothing (no clinic).

Many medical specialists retired but immediately returned to the medical school or other, to continue to hold their old posts (usually some high posts). When they rejoin, they are paid a pension plus a salary (their old salary). I don't know whether they are still paid the clinical/critical and teaching allowances because I haven't approached anyone to ask. I will when I have some time.

Now that the 4 old universities are research universities and being such the proof is to have the elderly lecturers stay on their jobs till they drop. So, the emeritus will remain till death do us part. The young retirees will continue to 'work' for blind money till they also drop. However, the PhD-holders usually return to work but soon leave. The PhD-holders find it useless to return for long. There is no point to work after early retirement (at 55 or 56) for the PhD-holders. The last 2 PhD-holders who left my department didn't consider to work after 60 (or till they drop); they left quietly. One retired at 56, rejoined for 5 years and left for good at 60. I asked him why he wanted to leave and not return - he said "malas lah". The other left at 56 and never returned. I asked him why he wanted to leave and he said he wanted to busy himself with his own business. He went on into the goat herding and milk industry.

I guess, the PhD-holders are playing a losing game by joining and staying on in medical school. We are made to believe that our presence is heart-felt and much desired but the truth is, we are second class citizens and down-trodden (macam hamba abdi). The medical school can do without us. They don't need us. Because universities have General Orders (GO), they cannot easily hire and fire lecturers. However, when we were forced to accept the more recent work & pay scheme (SSB, SSM, etc), the hire and instant fire are realities. Thus, if a medical school is to fire its lecturers (down-sizing), the elderly PhD-holder will go first.

People have choices and they can either support the medical specialists who have and get everything or they can support the poor PhD-holders who have nothing and get nothing. The PhD-holders are honest lecturers but I can't say the same of the medical specialists. I don't see their names on the time-table where I think their names should be.

Gaji buta is a new term that I learnt very late in my career. It means a lecturer can be paid for no work done. How is that possible? Ask the medical specialists how they do it. Most medical specialists hold a job that does not require them to do anything! Would you believe that?! Yes, it is true. Nowadays, HODs are paid RM600/mo. A program head is also paid RM600/mo. Any head of anything for that matter is paid RM600/mo. In an autonomous university, any post can be created and a person can be paid for holding that post. Some posts are redundant and ridiculous but they exist because someone needs to be paid - usually a medical specialist. So it is not surprising to see many posts being held by medical specialists when I feel they should be seeing patients in clinics (that's what they were trained for). Why have they left their clinical duties? Isn't it a waste of national resources and funds when medical specialists leave clinics altogether and assume non-clinical functions? Why have we let these things happen right in front of our eyes? Why has no one spoken about such ill practices at our medical school? We need the doctors in the clinics so our patients don't have to wait so long in the stuffy humid corridors.

To keep the ledger straight, I came across one instant where I asked my graduate student (who became a medical specialist) how much she was earning. It turned out that my own postgraduate medical student (with a Master of Medicine degree) is earning close to what I earn as a PhD-holder! I almost cried when I found out but I promised myself not to cry in front of my student. I hope this post will make PhD-students think twice if they think it is fun to work at a medical school. It is fun in the first year but trouble will strike when others get increment for even the smallest job in medical school. I still feel that today's doctors are mean and greedy, especially the ones whom I have seen at my workplace. Aren't they ashamed of the gaji buta that they get? Don't they know that they are draining our national funds? Don't they feel guilty at all? Will our doctors ever stop from begging the government for higher pay and bigger allowances (for no work)? Will our government stop to think or ask the PhD-holders of the truth about all this terrible mess?

I don't know what will happen in future but it is my worry that if things are  left unchecked, doctors will become super rich and patients and PhD-holders will become ordinary poor. Many patients are already fakir and wajib dibantu. Why are we helping the doctor and not the poor patients and PhD-holders? The medical doctors and specialists have an avenue and they complain to the medical council and association (MMC and MMA) but the PhD-holders have nowhere to complain, vent their grievances or let their voices be heard. So nobody knows the real situation in medical school, the place where I worked for more than 30 years. I still have another 6 years to work in this medical school unless I also want to leave early.

Sunday, 28 October 2012

School within a hospital

Projek Sekolah Dalam Hospital (SDH) was recently officially opened at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) in Kubang Kerian, Kelantan. I went to have to look at the place when I passed by it on my way to Anjung Cafe. There was a Datin in-charge of the place. USM ENT specialist Prof Dinsuhaimi Sidek is the person in-charge at HUSM. He is with the School of Health Sciences.

The project looks exclusive to me. I don't agree with the idea of a school within the hospital and hinging on just one medical doctor. Children who are hospitalised long enough have a severe enough disease, problem or condition that I feel, rest and some light walkaround and reading are all that they need. There are many electronic gadgets today that children admitted to hospitals don't need a school while they are hospitalised. Give them the gadgets and that should make them study. Have e-learning for all school levels. That should take care of their study needs. Give them chat function or activate their handphones to enable them to call or speak to their teachers right from their hospital beds.

Personal tution for hospitalised children has pros and cons. It is expensive and deployment needs staff who are bound to that work and they do nothing else. They only teach at the SDH class. So that alone is a waste of educational resources. With kampung schools or rural schools having so  many problems, especially lack of space and classroom, yet the proposition of SDH was rolled out this year (close to PRU-13), complete with desktop computers (which is a setback now that we are in this digital age and children prefer fancier gadgets - laptops and tablets).

It does not mean that one great idea top-down is a great idea for all that saves the hospitalised children. I would rather have that money go to the rural schools which don't have proper classrooms or classes (insufficient classes). Misappropriation of money is what I see and I don't think such a project will work in the long run; it will work in the short term. How much money are we wasting for the SDH? For how long are we having the SDH? When is the first review of the SDH? Will the review be made public? What are the expected benefits of the SDH? Will the hospitalised children see other specialists at the hospitals who may have a positive effect on their learning? Aren't psychologists and paediatricians better for these children?

What are the priorities set for such children? Universities are tertiary education centres. They teach and educate, students, postgraduates and patients. Why did the SDH not contact the lecturers who are already in such field? Why didn't the SDH go through the same gruelsome rigorous research process as we all lecturers have to, like it or not? It seems strange and looks like a cut-and-paste job order. That is what it looks like to me. It kills the peace when something like this comes and by-passes the usual strict ethical research protocol which we already have in place. What's the point of having so many research platforms (we have 4 at USM) when top-down projects can just by-pass all barriers?

The SDH now occupies the previous nursing hall, Dewan Rufaidah.

What would happen if a poor kampung kid was hospitalised and has never used or owned a computer or handphone? When he is discharged from the hospital, he will miss the SDH. So it is better to create the SDH facilities at all local schools, especially rural schools. Kids pay for the computers at school but they don't get to use the computers. Isn't this true?

Email from the unit re the program called PRINCE:

[staf] Penawaran Jawatan Guru di PRINCE
Mon Dec 03 2012 17:00:55 GMT+0800 (Malay Peninsula Standard Time)

Saya mewakili pihak PEMANCAR (di bawah Prof Dinsuhaimi) ingin membuka tawaran jawatan guru kepada lepasan Diploma atau Degree in Child Early Education untuk berkhidmat di PRINCE (Program for Inclusive Children's Excellence).

Jika ada sesiapa yang berminat, sila hubungi saya atau Prof Dinsuhaimi untuk maklumat lanjut.

Terima kasih

Dr. Nik Adilah Binti Nik Othman
Lecturer & Otorhinolaryngologist- Head&Neck Surgeon
School of Health Sciences, Health Campus
Universiti Sains Malaysia
16150 Kubang Kerian , Kelantan
Office no: +609-767 7571
Handphone no: +6019-9377080

Sent By: "Sekolah Dalam Hospital, HUSM" <>  
On: January 7, 2013 3:14 PM
To: staf
Cc: "zaidun" <>; "drmas" <>; "rusnah" <>

Salam tahun baru. Sekolah Dalam Hospital(SDH) HUSM telah bermula pada 01/01/13.  Terima kasih atas kerjasama semua wad yang terlibat dalam menjayakan program SDH.  Kebelakangan ini kehadiran murid ke kelas SDH kurang memuaskan. Mohon jasa baik semua wad yang terlibat agar dapat menasihati semua pelajar yang layak mengikuti sesi pembelajaran di kelas supaya turun ke kelas semasa sesi pembelajaran.  Bermula tahun 2013, Pembantu Pengurusan Murid akan menjemput dan menghantar pelajar ke wad bagi tujuan pembelajaran di kelas.  Mohon kerjasama dan tindakan dari pihak tuan. Harap maklum.  Terima Kasih.  Penyelia SDH HUSM, Muhizulahfaz bin Ariffin

Subject: Re: [akadppsp] Now PRINCE is expanding! Pendidikan anak at the USM doorsteps,
Sent By: Nor Hayati Othman  
On: December 21, 2012 3:07 PM
To: Akademik
Cc: "adilah" <>; "Zuraida Zainun" <>; "Mohd Fadzil Nor bin . Rashid" <>; "ppsk" <>; "ppsk" <ppsk@warga.kck.usmnet>
Reply To: Akademik

Din, Congratulations for good work!

Professor Dr Nor Hayati Othman
Dean, Clinical Science Research & Chairman, Pathology Postgraduate Education,
Universiti Sains Malaysia , 16150, Kubang Kerian , Kelantan , MALAYSIA
Tel : 609 7663117 (office), 609 7663417, 609 765 8371 fax: 609 7656291

----- Original Message -----
From: "Prof. Dr. Dinsuhaimi Sidek" <>
To: "ppsk" <>, "ppsk" <ppsk@warga.kck.usmnet>, "akadppsp" <>
Cc: "adilah" <>, "Zuraida Zainun" <>, "Mohd Fadzil Nor bin . Rashid" <>
Sent: Thursday, December 20, 2012 4:16:28 PM GMT +08:00 Beijing / Chongqing / Hong Kong / Urumqi
Subject: [akadppsp] Now PRINCE is expanding! Pendidikan anak at the USM doorsteps,

Salaam to all

Looking towards a new year and a better future for our children...

As all friends and colleague can remember, it was just a year and the half ago that we started PRINCE (PRoram Inklusif aNak CEmerlang), whereby our staff kids are taken cared, educated holistically and at the same time they help to educate and support the OKU's (deaf children and children with autism)...i.e our child growup in a very OKU friendly environment and at the same time get a maximum enhancement from the experts.

Fantastic improvement results achieved for our OKU colleagues....very loving children of our staffs supporting them...

Our Dato' VC visited our place and gave a lot of encouragement and support, hoping that it will be an outreach national project (the only inclusive school for deaf and autism starting at 2 yrs old.) Next year we hope to expand to other hospitals and states.

For PRINCE USM now we will expand further... to a bigger place in USM .
We are opening to the 4 to 6 year olds as well...but only for limited places.

For registration (normal children open to anak staff USM KK only):
1. Pls reply to my email & all the cc: stating a) Child's name &  b)DOB.
c)Parents name, d) dept & contact no.
2. All parents must agree to be interviewed (educating is a shared responsibility)
3.All parents must know that their children will have OKU friends and they should be proud of that.

Fees is still the old fees i.e RM 200/- for half day and RM 300 till 5pm.(to be reviewed in June 2013)

/info: pls contact:
 En Fadzil Nor (Audiologist PPSK) 0123094142, Dr. Nik Adila (audio PPSK) 0199377080, Dr. Zuraida (0179427395)

Chairman, Audiology Program
School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
16150 Kubang Kerian , Kelantan

Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS),
School of Medical Sciences, USM

Senior Consultant ORL-HNS,
Hospital USM

----- Forwarded Message -----
From: "Dinsuhaimi Sidek" <>
To: "Hasmah Abdullah" <>
Sent: Monday, July 4, 2011 7:08:55 AM GMT +08:00 Beijing / Chongqing / Hong Kong / Urumqi
Subject: Re: [ppsk] Cepat, Hanya untuk yang berminat! l: QUality Early Education Centre (TASKA) at USM doorsteps for 2-4 yr olds


Pls confirm about your child's place in PRINCE,
kami mula pagi ini Isnin4hb., because of your enquiry we have put your name in.Jika tidak berminat harap maklum sbb we are oversubscribed.

Dr Dinsuhaimi

----- Original Message -----
From: "Hasmah Abdullah" <>
To: "Dr Dinsuhaimi" <>
Sent: Thursday, June 30, 2011 11:28:08 AM GMT +10:00 Canberra / Melbourne / Sydney
Subject: Re: [ppsk] Cepat, Hanya untuk yang berminat! l: QUality Early Education Centre (TASKA) at USM doorsteps for 2-4 yr olds

Ok. terima kasih.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Dr Dinsuhaimi" <>
To: "Hasmah Abdullah" <>
Sent: Wednesday, June 29, 2011 11:26 PM
Subject: Re: [ppsk] Cepat, Hanya untuk yang berminat! l: QUality Early
Education Centre (TASKA) at USM doorsteps for 2-4 yr olds

> Salam.
> Program akan mula pada Isnin 4 hb July ini di bangunan baru PPSK.
> Sila confirm kalau betul perlu tempat sbb limited space.
> Dr Din
> Sent from my iPhone
> On Jun 29, 2011, at 9:21 AM, "Hasmah Abdullah" <>  wrote:
>> Salam Prof Din,
>> Prog ni nak start bila?
>> Hasmah
>> ----- Original Message ----- From: "Dinsuhaimi Sidek" <
>> >
>> To: "ppsk" <>; "ppsk"  <ppsk@warga.kck.usmnet>;
>> "ppsk" <ppsk@warga.kck.usmnet>; "akademik"  akad"
>> <akademik@warga.kck.usmnet>; "akadppsp" <
>> >
>> Sent: Tuesday, June 28, 2011 6:13 PM
>> Subject: [ppsk] Cepat, Hanya untuk yang berminat! l: QUality Early
>> Education Centre (TASKA) at USM doorsteps for 2-4 yr olds
>>> As-Salam,
>>> Dengan kejayaan program " D' Kecek" (Deaf Kids Excellence Centre,
>>> Kelantan) dimana budak-budak yang pekak teruk dengan bantuan alat
>>> pendengaran dan sistem pembelajaran yang excellent, pada umur  seawal 2
>>> tahun mereka sudah boleh bercakap dan membaca, bersosial  dll.
>>> Sekarang dengan pendekatan inklusif dan holistik, kita akan membuka
>>> satu lagi program iaitu "PRINCE" - "PRogram for INclusive  Children's
>>> Excellence" atau Program INklusif aNak Cemerlang
>>> berteraskan kepada early education yang  holistik termasuk  kognitif,
>>> fizikal, sosial, spiritual dan leadership. Anak di beri  kebebasan
>>> memilih untuk belajar mengikut keinginan sendiri secara  exploratory,
>>> dibimbing oleh para profesional mengguna segala potensi.
>>> Beberapa anak istimewa juga akan di-inklusifkan dalam program ini,  bagi
>>> membiasakan anak-anak kita mempunyai keprihatinan yang tinggi  dan kerja
>>> kumpulan serta kasih-sayang.
>>> Anak-anak ini akan mempunyai bimbingan oleh profesional yang  terlibat
>>> seperti occupational therapist, speech pathologist, early  educationist,
>>> audiologist dll memakai kaedah yang terkini dan  canggih.  Mereka juga
>>> berpeluang untuk mengikuti kajian-kajian  terkini dan tercanggih dan
>>> bergaul dengan pelajar-pelajar Universiti.
>>> Hanya 20 tempat disediakan, sekarang tinggal 13 lagi....siapa cepat  dia
>>> dapat tetapi ibu-bapa akan melalui interviu ringkas terutama  tentang
>>> komitmen ibu-bapa utk meneruskan strategi-strategi  pembelajaran di
>>> rumah. Penglibatan ibu-bapa merupakan keperluan  untuk kejayaan anak
>>> cemerlang.
>>> Bahasa utama 1. Bahasa Inggeris, 2. Bahasa Malaysia dan 3. Bahasa  Arab.
>>> Beberapa anak postgrad international sudah mendaftar.
>>> Beberapa Detail seperti di bawah ini:
>>> Tempat Sementara: Blok Bangunan Baru PPSK (Bersebelahan rumah  Haiwan
>>> dan Makmal Penyelidikan Haiwan)  (tempat kekal "ISTANA atau  InStitut
>>> ANAk) dijangka mula dibina tahun ini di USM dgn bantuan NGO)
>>> Umur 2-4 tahun
>>> Yuran Bulanan : RM 200/- 8.00am -12.30am (tea break disediakan)
>>>               RM 260/- ( jika disambung dengan daycare/mengaji  hingga
>>> 5.00pm    (extra hours RM5 per hr.) (tambahan RM 40/- untuk  makan
>>> tengahari dan petang jika tidak disediakan oleh ibu-bapa).
>>> Yuran tahunan dan pendaftaran: semasa pendaftaran (tahunan RM200  DAN
>>> Anjuran Utama: Persatuan Membantu Orang Cacat Pendengaran Kelantan
>>> Penasihat: 1. Prof Dr. Dinsuhaimi Sidek
>>> 2, Puan Azlinda Abd Ghani
>>> 3. Dr. Ramiza Ramzan Ramli
>>> 4. Prof Madya Siti Hawa Ali
>>> Yang berminat sila sms kpd Prof Dr. Dinsuhaimi 0139208980 sila  catat
>>> Nama anak, umur dan HP: ibu-bapa + tempat bekerja (USM).   Atau email:
>>> Drp Dr. Dinsuhaimi...

Saturday, 27 October 2012

Mubin Sheppard (1905-1994)

Dato Jasa Purba Di-Raja, Haji A. Mubin Sheppard

Born: 21 June 1905, Kent, England

Mubin Sheppard was instrumental in guiding 2 early Malay doctors to become doctors. They were Dato'Dr Abbas bin Haji Alias and Tan Sri Dr Mohamed Said bin Mohamed.

From Who's Who in Malaysia 1971-1972

British Officers

There were many British officers in British Malaya and in the Federation of Malaya and later Malaysia till the early 1970s. When I lived Sabah, I saw many British families residing in Sabah. They were in Tanjong Aru, near the coast. They were near the airport. They were at the hospital (Queen Elizabeth II Hospital). At the airport, I saw quite a number of white kids who wore leg braces - they had polio. At that time I did not know polio and I had thought the metal braces were a higher societal standard! On the airport flashback, I think polio was a big problem in Sabah then. I had suffered from elephantiasis while living in Sabah; maybe because I was out hiking a lot in the jungle nearby where we lived.

There was one white man who worked with my father at Gaya College. Maybe he was the principal? He was Mr Todd. I don't know his full name but he was already very old when I met him. I didn't see any British officers at the school I attended (Tanjong Aru Primary School). There were many missionary schools in Sabah. The priests also came to our school to preach. They were in big white robes with a red band at the waist. They looked Indian to me. The Muslim students had a choice of either following the missionary classes or leave class. As for me, my father came to see the principal, Mr Regis, and informed him that we are a family of Muslims and that he didn't want my sibs and me to follow the missionary classes. So while the other students followed the missionary classes, Mr Regis and my eldest brother would come and call me out from my class. Mr Regis was a kind Indian man - he spoke very softly to students, and always smiled. I went out to play in the sunshine and enjoyed every minute of it while the other students followed the missionary classes.

My late father mentioned a lot of British names which have stuck in my mind since my childhood despite my intolerance of history as a subject per se (I didn't hate history but I didn't know what it was about). Some of the names were Lord Mountbatten, Mubin Shepard, Henry Gurney, etc. He mentioned their importance in our history but I have forgotten a lot of what I heard from him. He would put up slide shows at home and as kids, my sibs and I had to sit still and watch the slides quietly while he narrated (sometimes very boring). But we were obedient kids and did not object to watching slide show after slide show. That is what I call brain-washing or propaganda. But I was a little girl then and "No" was a forbidden answer. What remains in my mind are his words, "They were great men." Sometimes I ask myself, "How great were these men? What great deeds did they do for us? Who were they?"

Today, I have pictures of people in our history and have to write the stories without my father by my side. My stories about the British officers are from my childhood and from reading up about them. I have still not sorted the photos my father left me; where do I begin?

I am still looking for a British doctor named Mr Gideon, who served as a gastrosurgeon at GH Kota Bharu in 1969/70. I don't know his full name. He was my doctor when I was 12. Where is he today?

British officers were allowed to go on overseas leave for 3 months every 3 years.

External links

The Straits Times Singapore, Fri, Aug. 12, 1949. Malayan Tory
The Straits Times, 12 August 1949, Page 4

Batu Road School, Kuala Lumpur

I don't know the history of the school. I have only heard of the school from 2 people - Tan Sri Dr Abdul Majid and my late mother.

So far, I have Tan Sri Dr Abdul Majid who stated in The Who's Who in Malaysia 1965 that he attended Batu Road School (refer to my previous post on him).

I went to Kuala Lumpur many times to search for the school between 2007 and 2009. However, when I passed in front of the school, I was confused because the plaque read as shown below. It seems the school is now 3-in-1. It is a special school for the blind, an integration program and a boys' school. Just across the road is the Batu Road Girls' School.

Pendidikan Khas (Cacat Penglihatan) Jalan Batu
Jalan Raja Laut, 50350 Kuala Lumpur
(Special School for the Blind)

Program Pendidikan Khas Integrasi

Sekolah Kebangsaan Lelaki Jalan Batu
Jalan Raja Laut
50350 Kuala Lumpur
Tel/Fax: 03-2692 7297

Recently, my eldest daughter also took pictures of the same old school. She emailed me the photos without any text or caption but I noticed the bright yellow and brown colours, and instantly knew it was the same school I had photographed before.

These photographs were taken from my moving car (so some photos are blur) (7 June 2009):

GH Kota Bharu 2012 (2)

The government hospital in Kota Bharu has undergone much renovation since I wrote in my last post about the hospital. This hospital is important in our medical history because initially Kuala Krai was the seat of the British officers and doctors in Kelantan, before that adminstration was shifted to Kota Bharu. The hospital in Kota Bharu was at a different site in Kota Bharu before it was shifted to its present site.

Many of our early Malay doctors served at GH Kota Bharu and the various clinics in Kota Bharu. I came to live in Kelantan in early 1969 (after the May 13 incidences) and left Kelantan on 1 January 1971 (before first day of class). So I can remember a bit of GH Kota Bharu at that time. I remember the walk from the road to the X-ray unit and some of the services then.

Photos of GH Kota Bharu on 26 October 2012 (Aidiladha 1433 Hijrah):
Ambulatory Care & Haemodialysis Centre
(site of previous TB ward and parking lot nearest Stadium Sultan Muhammad IV)

The new buildings which replaced the TB ward and surrounding areas were ready in 2013. It is a multistorey day ward.

Friday, 26 October 2012

En Abdul Rahman bin Haji Talib (1916-1968) [4], Biodata and Family

Born: 1916, Temerloh, Pahang
Early education: Temerloh, Pahang
Higher education: Sultan Idris Training College (SITC), Tanjung Malim, Perak

Career Path
Career sectors served: Politics, education, health
1940-45: Teacher, Sekolah Abdullah, Kuantan
1945: Penolong Nazir Sekolah-sekolah Melayu Pahang
1952: Pioneer for the establishment of Jabatan Hal Ehwal Agama, within the Education Dept, Pahang
Political involvement: Active in Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu (PKMB/UMNO)
Member, National Council
1956: Deputy Minister, Natural Resources and Local Govt
1957: Transport Minister
1959: Trade and Industry Minister
1960-62; 1964: Education Minister

Honours and Awards
  1. 1962: Awarded Ijazah Kehormat Doktor Undang-undang, UM
  2. Eminent MBSKL Alumni

Contributions to Society
  1. National language. Proposed Bahasa Melayu as the national language (bahasa kebangsaan)
  2. Rahman Report 1960. Proposed improvement of the educational system of the Federated Malay States (FMS). Greater emphasis for use of the Malay language in schools. To make Malay language compulsory. Teachers were rewarded. Also known as Laporan Rahman 1960.
1965: resigned

Deceased: 18 October 1968, Cairo, Egypt
Name when deceased: Allahyarham Abdul Rahman Talib

Wife: Rahmah bte Musa
Children: 10 (6 boys and 4 girls)
  1. -
  2. Ahmad Fauzi
  3. -
  4. -
  5. Ahmad Fadzil
  6. Dato Ahmad Fuad
  7. -
  8. -
  9. -
  10. -
  1. Malaysia Merdeka Accessed on 26 October 2012 (Aidiladha 1433 Hijrah)
  2. Abdul Rahman Talib family. Contacted 25 October 2012
  3. Sejarah Malaysia Accessed on 30 November 2012
  4. Accessed 8 February 2013.

Tuesday, 23 October 2012

Malacca History (5)

I'm thankful to readers who dropped by to read some of the pages in this blog. I'm most grateful to those of you who cared to pen a line or two in the comments. The comments are useful as any small piece of information creates another big area of search and further research in a more defined direction. Nothing goes to waste. The comments are precious especially to this type of research that digs far back into our history.

For now, I have managed to go back into our history. The ancient Malay graves are in Semabok, in an enclosed low perimeter thick brick wall. I haven't been back to see the ancient graves in Semabok since university teaching has just begun for the new academic session 2012/2013. I have vivid memories of the graves there - the gravestones resembled the large Minangkabau ones. Whether the people buried there were from Pagarruyung or descended from their Pagarruyung ascendants is not known. But evidence from a Penang clan may shed some light that these graves could be Minangkabau; they could also be mixed Arab. Could also be Chinese Muslims.

Other questions arise; if there was a marriage of the Chinese Muslim princess to the Sultan of Malacca, where would she be buried? Where would he be buried? So, the graves at Semabok are important to Malacca history. Maybe the anthropologists and archaeologists missed that place as they don't have connection.

But as far as I know from my late father, Datuk Prof Dr Zuraina Abdul Majid is related to my father; therefore she should know. I only met her twice but can only recall the second time I met her. According to my father, she attended my wedding in Penang. But because I didn't know her at the time, I didn't talk to her and took no notice of her. The second time I met her, she was in the panel that interviewed me for my Associate Professor post at USM in Kelantan; I didn't know she was in the panel, so it was a surprise for me and probably for her too. I have not met her after that interview but I met her husband a few times.

A visit to the graves at Semabok should be worth a visit. I don't know the grave digger or graveyard caretaker at all as usually my late father and Imam Haji Yusof went there; they knew who were buried there. I only visited the graves once with my father and he pointed to our family plot (so very ancient).

Another small ancient Muslim burial plot actually lies beneath Masjid Banda Hilir, now renamed to Masjid an-Nur. As far as I know, only babies were buried there and the adults were buried in Semabok.

There are other ancient graves in Malacca, at Kampung Hulu and somewhere near the Malacca High School (if I'm not mistaken).

The last Sultan of Singapore is buried behind Masjid Tengkera? He went to live in Banda Hilir, Malacca first. Did he live in my grandfather's house? Whose house did he live in at Banda Hilir?

There were no other Malay houses in Banda Hilir at the time except my grandfather's (and his ascendants); the Malays lived farther down the road in Ujong Pasir and Umbai (according to my father and his uncle Coco). Banda Hilir or Banda Ilir is also in Dutch maps. Who was the last Sultan of Singapore? Was he related to the Malacca Sultanate?

Why did Coco and my paternal grandmother tell me that we are related to the Chinese princess? Did she really exist? Did the Malacca sultan marry her? Did they have issue? Nobody has tried to explain how our family is related to the Chinese Ming princess.

My mother said most of the Chinese wooden furniture (black) were used as firewood during the Japanese war, and she had bought modern furniture for our house in Malacca when she married to my father in 1955.

So there are none of the ancient Chinese furniture left today. I had seen some of the Chinese furniture when I was growing up in Malacca; most resembled the dressing tables and cabinets at Penang Museum. The European cupboards are also familiar to me. I haven't searched the thousands of photos my grandfather and my father left behind. A lot of photos are still missing. Both my grandfather and my father were avid photographers. They documented a lot of our history in B/W photos.

External links:

Monday, 22 October 2012

Conference Call

On behalf of the ISHIMR 2013 Committee, we invite you to participate in the 16th
International Symposium for Health Information Management Research (ISHIMR), which will take place on 26-28 June 2013, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Further information about ISHIMR 2013 is available at

Thursday, 18 October 2012

Louis Mountbatten

Q1. Who was Lord Louis Mountbatten?

Admiral Louis Mountbatten (1900-1979)
(From Wikipedia: Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC (1900–1979) was a British admiral, Viceroy of India and statesman.) Photo originally from the UK Government.

He served in the British navy in the Mediterranean, Burma, and India. Along with his father, they were the only father and son to hold the highest post in the British admiralty. Sir Winston Churchill liked him but Mountbatten made one remark against Churchill and that severed their ties.

Q2. What role did he play in this region?
He was the last British Viceroy in India before India's independence. He helped India to unite while setting Pakistan free. He worked with Indian leaders including Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and also Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

At the end of World War II, Mountbatten returned to Singapore as the Supreme Commander of the South East Asia Command to receive the surrender of the Japanese at City Hall on 12 September 1945. Even though he attended to Singapore's freedom, he was serving the interest of Britain. The British returned to reoccupy Singapore after the war - for another 18 years!

Prince Edward had visited Singapore before he ascended to the British throne. In Prince Edward's entourage was Louis Mountbatten. [What year?]

Admiral Louis Mountbatten addressing the Japanese surrender in Singapore in 1945. He is at the mike and in white. Photo from Wikipedia Mountbatten_address%2C_Singapore_1945.jpg
Photo was originally from the Imperial War Museum, Britain.

Q3. What happened to him?
He survived a bomb blast (while on his boat with his family) but he died before reaching shore.

Q4. Who planned his murder?
The IRA.

Q5. Did he have a family?
Yes, he had a wife, Edwina (Lady Mountbatten), and 2 daughters, Patricia and Pamela.

Q6. Where was he from?
Battenberg, Hesse in Germany. He was related to the British monarchs.

Wednesday, 17 October 2012

Independence of British, Spanish & Japanese Colonies in SEA


It is interesting to reflect on why Malaya achieved its independence 9 years later than nations which achieved their independence in the late 1940s. Have you ever wondered why? Why? Why was Malaya slow in achieving its independence? What actually went on or went wrong?

Philippines' independence: 12 June 1898 (from Spain)

Indonesian independence: 17 August 1945 (from Japan)

India's independence: 15 August 1947 (from Britain)

Malayan independence: 31 August 1957 (from Britain)

Singapore's independence: 31 August 1963 (from Britain); 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)


Who were the people behind Malaya's independence?

1) Mustapha Hussain (second person in KMM; his youngest daughter is Insun Sony Mustapha Fenner. Insun Sony is in Facebook. Insun Sony wrote 5 books about her father.)

2) Yusof bin Ishak (he was the first President of Singapore; a relative of Mustapha Hussain; both were descendants of Datuk Jenaton)

3) Burhanudin Helmy (he was KMM leader; he was an early Malay doctor)

4) Other??


What was the origin of the Malay reformers for the Malayan independence?

1) Datuk Jenaton (Datuk Jenaton group is in Facebook. The history of Datuk Jenaton is at a different website given in Insun Sony's Facebook.)

2) Pagarruyung (the Pagarruyung palace was razed to the ground in the battle called Perang Paderi. Many Malay princes escaped to Malaya at that time.)

3) West Sumatra (the Arab descendants of the Minangkabau princes could have come from Aceh. The Arabs of Aceh had significant control over the region before the arrival of the Dutch East India Company.)

4) Other??

Saturday, 13 October 2012

The Nizam of Hyderabad

I first came to know of the Nizam of Hyderabad when I wrote the biography of Dr Ismail Mohamed Ghows, an early Malay doctor from Taiping, Perak. Dr Ghows was descended from the Khatibs of the mosque of the Nizam of Hyderabad.

Who was the Nizam of Hyderabad? He was the ruler of Hyderabad. He was once the richest man in Hyderabad. He had a huge palace called the Taj Falaknuma Palace, which means 'Mirror of the Sky' or Heaven on Earth, where he entertained his guests including durbar. The palace is sited 2000 feet above, fronting the sprawling city of Hyderabad below. However, the Nizam did not live here but somewhere else.  Hyderabad joined India in September 1948, and the Nizamhood ceased to exist. The last Nizam was the 8th. It was the 6th Nizam who came to stay in this place one afternoon and liked it and bought it for himself. Today, the grandson of the 8th Nizam is there to show the diamonds and emeralds to visitors.

There are more than 60 suites in the Taj Falaknuma Palace Hotel, Hyderabad. The most expensive is the Nizam Suite. There is a library upstairs which has the Guest Book of visitors to the Taj Falaknuma Palace from 1901 to 1951. This is a treasure chest of who's who in the 50 years of the Taj's existence then. The interior is Italian and is filled with Italian furniture, curtains, decor. The lamps and chandeliers are beautiful fittings. The dining room fits 100 guests and the Nizam himself, making it 101 people at a sitting. The dining table is beautifully laid out with lovely fresh bouquets of white and pink flowers and leaves.The metal drinking vessels and cutlery are Indian, with intricate carving. The Taj logo resembles that of the British East India Company, with 2 tigers holding the crest. The metal plates also bear the Taj logo.

The azan (call to prayer) can be heard in the background when dining at dusk on the deck at Taj Falakhuma Palace Hotel. That is probably from the mosque of the Nizam. I'm not sure whether it is the Mecca Mosque in Hyderabad or some other mosque where Dr Ghows ancestors had served. How many mosques belonged to the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad?

When Hyderabad joined India, there were 22 districts - 12 went to the new state, 10 belonged to Nizam and one was French. Hyderabad was a strong and well-structured state and with a good economy. It had a market, a huge entrance gate to the city, a train station, and mosque(s). There were parades, etc. Hyderabad was a bustling and peaceful place. Its wealth was Hyderabad had the world's largest deposits of diamonds. So that was how rich Hyderabad was and how wealthy the Nizams who had control of the diamonds.

The 8th Nizam of Hyderabad's coronation was in 1967 but the Nizamhood fell apart. The Nizam escaped to Western Australia and lived on a vast piece of land that he bought. It gave him peace and reminded him of life in the Deccan. He lived in the outback, to escape everything that went on in Hyderabad. The Taj collectibles were auctioned off. Relatives had their share of the takings. But the Nizam didn't care about it - he wanted some peace in his life. One day, he told his secretary in his Perth office that he was going to the mosque. He went to the mosque and then went missing. Nobody ever found him.

It should be remembered that for many of the early Malay doctors, their ancestors came from Hyderabad. As far as I have researched, none belonged to any of the Nizam's family or relatives. It would be good news to hear if they are related. Then we can go to Hyderabad and explore the possibilities of a genealogical link.

Please take a look at this huge palace of the Nizam of Hyderabad in the video links below. It is now a hotel and is open to the public after 10 years of renovation. It is now restored to its original grandeur.

Friday, 12 October 2012

Dr Mustapha bin Osman

I received a message in dated 13 August 2012 but I only read it tonight. The message was from Iszham Idris, whose granduncles were brothers Mohd Arshad bin Osman and Dr Mustapha bin Osman.

Iszham Idris also provided a family photo of Dr Mustapha bin Osman, which he obtained from his aunt, Aishah bt Mohd Arshad. I downloaded the photo from BOX tonight. It had Dr Mustapha bin Osman, his wife and daughter, posing outside a brick building, in the sunshine. The photo was taken in London. No other information was provided; the photo was undated and the occasion unknown.

Dr Mustapha bin Osman graduated from Hong Kong University in 1924. Dr Mustapha returned to Malaya in 1931. I would guess the photo was taken after 1924 and circa 1931, before WWII (1941). He served in the Japanese administration during the Japanese occupation in Malaya. Nothing is mentioned about his family (wife and children) during the war. Only his siblings were mentioned - they held posts in the Japanese administration during the war. He was in charge of the Lady Templer Hospital in Kuala Lumpur in 1952. It is not known how many times he returned to London.

His date of marriage is unknown but I had guessed a date from other sources. If he got married circa 1924, then the daughter would be at least 6 years old in the photo, but she looked older than age 6. If he got married circa 1931, then the daughter would be approx. 10 years old at the break of WWII (1941).

His daughter was already a big girl in the photo, probably around 10-12 years old. It is not known where and when his daughter was born, so it is difficult to date the photo. The photo was probably between 1935 and WWII (1941). That's my best guess.

Tuesday, 9 October 2012

Research on the Early Malay Doctors

Xlibris Book ID: 501452

Book Title:
Author: Faridah Abdul Rashid
Published date: 18 July 2012

Total no. of pages: 392
Wt of paperback = 0.71 kg

Cover  (17 May 2012)

Description of contents: 
This book tells how research was done for The Early Malay DoctorsA detailed account of the meaning of the word ‘Malay’ is given, in due recognition of the high status accorded to Malay Civilisation in the Malay annals and Chinese chronicles. The lives of the early Malay doctors were traced over nine years in modern Malaysia and Singapore. The techniques deployed to trace them are also masterfully explained. The sources of the doctors’ biographies are aptly described, which include interviews, narratives, family accounts, newspapers, publications, and contacting their former institutions, friends and associations. Apart from a brief one-page biography for each doctor, there are thirty appendices that contain tabulated information about these doctors, information about the early schools, medical institutions and hospitals at the time. A glossary and a list of index appear at the end. This book is a good resource for researching about how to research on The Early Malay Doctors. It indirectly teaches strategies and techniques which researchers may otherwise overlook.

Copyright (C) 2012 Faridah Abdul Rashid
Library of Congress Control Number: 2012903532
ISBN 13: Softcover:   978-1-4691-7243-9
ISBN 13: Hardcover: 978-1-4691-7244-6
ISBN 13: eBook:       978-1-4691-7245-3

(temporary link)
(official website, valid for 6 Sept 2012-23 Sept 2013; will cease by 23 Sept 2013)


Complimentary copy:
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Tuesday, 2 October 2012

Maximum Reality

This blog has reached its maximum capacity - maximum # of pages, maximum # of photo uploads, etc. I cannot do much more beyond this free capacity that comes with Blogger. If I want to continue to upload photos, I will need to pay for server space, etc. What I can do now is remove some of the photos and also remove some of the posts.

Please download whatever info you need before I click DELETE, and check back here when you have time. I can create another blog like this but it will be too much work to maintain and update. I have altogether 37 blogs on Blogger.

This blog is more than 3 years old and now I can't grow it anymore. I will just maintain this blog for as long as it is useful and till I can get hold of the remaining early Malay doctors, wherever they are and wherever their families are today. I am still looking for 12 more early Malay doctors. I was able to contact one family 2 days back and am continuing to correspond - the family member contacted me through Facebook.

Since a major part of searching has been completed and I have published 2 books about the early Malay doctors, it is time for me to move on to do other things and help out with other research projects.

TQ all for your shared interest on the topic of THE EARLY MALAY DOCTORS.

Prof Faridah

Monday, 1 October 2012


I have written a post before about leprosy but I didn't have much resources then. This is an update on the resources. The link on Sg Buloh has the names of the British doctors who served at Sg Buloh from 1928 onward. A few of the early Malay doctors also served at Sg Buloh.

Resources on leprosy



International Leprosy Association - Global Project on the History of Leprosy

Culion Sanatarium, Culion Palawan 5315, Philippines

Dr Windsor Wade's collection of old books - Wade's Library

India map - Route of Commission

Indian leprosy gallery

Leprosy Settlement, Sg Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia (1930-present)

History of leprosy and research at Sg Buloh

Leprosy Sanatarium, Pulau Jerejak (1828-1969)

Leprosy Academic Network