Monday, 19 December 2011

Journeys Across Seas

View or Download at:

'Coolie' trade and the Far East

National Museums Liverpool
Maritime Archives & Library
T & J Harrison Ltd
History 1740-c.2003

Research Notes for Shipping Enterprise and Management 1830-1939,
by Francis E. Hyde (cont) 1820-1969

To view the line 'Coolie' trade and the Far East between 1877 and 1914,  
scroll down to more than half the page at:

The above notes are from the Liverpool Steamship Owners' Association.

I have requested on 13 March 2012, a Yahoo! Answers on the topic, to see if anyone can provide further leads on the coolie trade and especially one person, named Ballah, later Shaik Ismail. The link for this request is here:


  1. Hugh Tinker, A new system of slavery: The export of Indian labor overseas 1830-1920 (1974)
  2. Janet Ewald,  ‘Crossers of the Sea: Slaves, Freedmen, and Other Migrants in the Northwestern Indian 
  3. Ocean, C. 1750 - 1914.’ American Historical Review 105, no. 1-42, 2000. 
  4. Ravi Ahuja (2006) ‘Mobility and Containment: the voyages of South Asian seamen, c.1900 – 1960’, 
  5. International Review of Social History 51, Supplement, pp. 111–141 
  6. Rozina Visram  Ayahs, Lascars and Princes: Indians in Britain 1700-1947, (1986)