Tuesday, 30 July 2013

Indonesian Independence


The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia's independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept de facto 17 August 1945 as Indonesia's independence date.

The document was signed by Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president respectively the following day.

Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proclamation_of_Indonesian_Independence

Logan Heritage

According to retired Professor Suryadi Samin from Riau Province, Indonesia, the name "Indonesia" itself was coined by James Richardson Logan, a British lawyer based in Penang. 

In Penang history, Logan sided with the locals and often assisted them. Once he helped a local win a lawsuit against the East India Company.

A building complex at Beach Street was recently restored and is named Logan Heritage in his honour. Logan Heritage is separated from Standard Chartered building by Union Street. Both open onto Beach Street.

Dato' Dr Yee Thiam Sun

Datin Dr Sharifah Mariam bt Tan Sri Syed Hassan Aidid is married to Dato’ Dr Adam Yee Thiam Sun and their sons are Isa and Dr Ilias. 

Dato' Dr Adam Yee Thiam Sun, the St John Ambulance of Malaysia (SJAM) Penang State Commander, was conferred the Darjah Yang Mulia Pangkuan Negeri (DMPN) by the Penang State Governor in conjunction with TYT Yang di-Pertua Negeri Pulau Pinang 74th birthday on 14 July 2012.[1,2]

Isa Dato’ Adam Yee is the Chief Executive Officer at CRUiSE GPS Systems Sdn. Bhd. 

Dr Ilias Yee is the Clinical Coordinator at the Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS, University Malaya.

[1] The Council of Dato' Dato' State of Penang (Majlis Dato' Dato' Negeri Pulau Pinang) http://www.datopenang.org/congratulations.php Accessed 30 July 2013

[2] http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2012/07/14/Chief-Justice-heads-Penang-honours-list-of-1138-people.aspx

From the Sun Yat Sen Museum in Penang:
Dr. Sun Yat Sen first arrived in Penang on 19 July 1910. Five days later, on July 24 he wrote to his revolutionary partner Huang Xing mentioning that he will stay in Penang for 3 or more months, and move the Nanyang Tongmenghui Headquarters from Singapore to Penang. As a result of this strategic move, Dr. Sun Yat Sen was able to convene the “Penang Conference” in 1910 and organize the planning of the Canton Uprising and China Revolution.
One hundred years later, our Organizing Committee, chaired by Dr. Yee Thiam Sun (chairman of Min Sin Seah) was able to organize from July 23 to 25 2010, a series of activities at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, such as the Road To Dawn Charity Premier, Malaysia Cultural & Tourism Promotion, The “Penang Conference” 100 Years Historical Gallery as well as a Cultural Excursion around Taipei. With this, we have kicked off Sun Yat Sen’s “Penang Conference” Centennial Celebration in Taipei. [3]
[3] See more at: http://www.sunyatsenpenang.com/?page_id=151#sthash.bbUGEBkc.dpuf

From Kuda Ranggi blogspot:
There is mention of the Aidid family, Tan Sri Syed Hassan Aidid, and where he had lived, and Isa's marriage held at the LUTH complex in Bayan Lepas, Penang.

From Pusat Sejahtera USM, Penang:
Pusat Kesihatan di USM dikenali sebagai Pusat Sejahtera USM. Pusat ini diketuai oleh Pengarah pertamanya Dr Azizi Aiyub Ghazali (1973-1989; 16 tahun). Seterusnya diterajui oleh Dr Sharifah Mariam Syed Hassan Aidid (1989-2003; 14 tahun). Kini Pusat ini dipimpin oleh Dr Nurulain Abdullah Bayanuddin (2003-2013; semasa). Pusat ini  telah disambung ke rangkaian E-Klinik pada 1999 dan kini mempunyai seramai 66 orang staf.

Contact Us:
Pusat Sejahtera (Kesihatan & Pergigian)
11800 Universiti Sains Malaysia
Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
T: +604 - 653 3888 ext: 4937 / 4938
F: +604 - 653 4942
E: dir_pk@usm.my

Pusat Sejahtera USM Penang

Monday, 29 July 2013

Mencari Bako

Mencari Bako (1983) is written by Abdul Aziz Ishak. http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aziz_Ishak I bought the book at the 6th family reunion at Vistana Hotel, Penang on 2 June 2013. Mencari Bako explains that Dato' Jenaton and Dato Setia are brothers.

Abdul Aziz bin Ishak, author of Mencari Bako
In a family tree sheet (Silsilah Keluarga) that was given to me by Tok Chu in 2013 (see earlier post on Tok Chu), I understand that Dato' Jenaton married the sister of Dato Setia. If that is true, how can Dato' Jenaton and Dato Setia be brothers?

Dato Setia is Dato Setia Payakumbuh, way back in Pagarruyung in the highlands of West Sumatra. They were cousins, and not brothers. As I understand it, Ismail @ Nakhoda Kecil, Haji Muhammad Saleh @ Nakhoda Nan Intan, Dato'Setia Pagarruyung, and Gadih Suri were siblings. They were cousins of Dato' Jenaton. Dato Jenaton then married Gadih Suri as his first wife. He then married 2 more, one at Batu Bara and another in Penang - Sharifah 'Aini (a Penang-Arab). Sharifah 'Aini had 4 children - Abdullah, Muhammad (died early after marriage), Hamidah and Fatimah. All of Sharifah 'Aini's children married and had children.


According to Mencari Bako, Abdullah had a son named Ahmad. Ahmad merajuk (sulked) and went away to live in Terong (Trong) in Perak. He was a good marksman and knew every inch of his farm. He shot deers on his farm (kebun), and then sembelih according to Islamic rites, and had rendang rusa.

Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Dato' Jenaton was Abdul Aziz's paternal grandfather. 

From the book, Dato' Jenaton. Catatan Salasilah Keluarga Melayu di Malaysia dan Indonesia (2013) by (Prof.) Ahmad Murad Merican:

Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Dato' Jenaton had 7 children: 1. Haji Alias 2. Harun (deceased) 3. Mahmud/Mohamad 4. Ishak 5. Kalsom 6. Rapiah, and 7. Sulaiman.

Ishak bin Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Dato' Jenaton married Aishahtun/Aishah Tun bt Haji Aminuddin (Taiping, Perak), and had 9 children: 1. Yusof/Yusoff (first President of Singapore) 2. Laili Zubaidah 3. Abdul Aziz (author of Mencari Bako) 4. Laila Latifah 5. Salbiah 6. Ramli 7. Zohara (author of another family book due out at end of 2013) 8. Abdul Rahim, and 9. Alma Azizah.

Abdul Aziz bin Ishak married Wan Shamsiah bt Pawanteh (Pengurus Utusan Melayu Cawangan Kuala Lumpur), and they had 5 children: 1. Rahmah 2. Zakaria 3. Zabidah 4. Zulkifli, and 5. Zahrah.

Abdul Aziz bin Ishak
Abdul Aziz Ishak's eldest brother, Yusof bin Ishak https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yusof_bin_Ishak was the Managing Director of Utusan Melayu in Singapore, before he (Yusof) became the first President of Singapore. 
Yusof bin Ishak

Tuesday, 23 July 2013

Conference Call and Public Lecture

1. Conference:
CONFERENCE on PENANG AND THE HAJJ, 17 & 18 August (Saturday & Sunday), 9.00am-5.00pm at E & O Hotel.

2. Public lecture:
PENANG STORY LECTURE, Keynote Lecture: The Material World of the Hajj in Colonial-Era Southeast Asia by Eric Tagliacozzo, 18 August (Sunday), 3.30pm-5.00pm at E & O Hotel.
  •  It will be held in conjunction with a two-day conference on “Penang and The Hajj”.
  • The Penang Story Lecture is open to the public and limited to 160 persons.
  • Pre-registration is required for both events.
  • Register for package A or B (see below).
  • Download registration form here.
More at:

From Berita Harian, 29 July 2013:
(sent by Hjh Sharifah Hj Abdul Rashid, CAP)

Thursday, 18 July 2013

Munshi Abdullah

Munshi Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir (1797-deceased 1800s)
An Indian Muslim translator and chronicler who was born in Kg Pali, Malacca. 
Worked in British Malacca. Worked with Stamford Raffles in Singapore.

Full name: Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir
Call name: Munshi Abdullah, Abdullah Munshi
Born: 1797 Kg Pali, Melaka
Deceased: 1800s
Father: Abdul Kadir
Mother: Unknown
Sibs: All siblings before him died. Only he survived.
Education: Quran, Arabic, Malay and English
Occupation: Translator for the British colonial Government in Malacca and Singapore
Family: Unknown
Wife: Unknown
Children: Unknown

Munshi Abdullah is Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir. He was born in 1797 in Kampung Pali, Malacca. Kg Pali has been renamed Kg Masjid, and now Kg Ketek. His house is not far from Masjid Kampung Kling - about 5 minutes walk from the masjid. Masjid Kampung Kling is an ancient mosque in Malacca. People at the masjid can give the directions to Munshi Abdullah's house. 

Old version of Hikayat Abdullah printed in early 1960s
Two pages of his diary
A decorated page of Hikayat Abdullah
A decorated page of Hikayat Abdullah
Book cover of the modern version of Munshi Abdullah's book/diary/travelogue, as used in Malaysian schools for Malay literature class
Munshi Abdullah's house in Kg Pali, Malacca

- - - - -

Frank Athelstone Swettenham (British Malaya), a British officer;
his profile resembles that of Munshi Abdullah

There are at least three books on British Malaya and Singapore that discuss Munsyi Abdullah.

  1. One book was written by Frank Swettenham and published in 1907. 
  2. Another book was published in 1948. The contents include accounts of Munsyi Abdullah meeting with Lord Minto. Another account states Munsyi Abdullah with Stamford Raffles and wife Olivia. 
  3. Kesah pÄ•layaran Abdullah (Voyages of Munshi Abdullah), 1907 was written by Sir Richard James Wilkinson (1867-5 December 1941). He was a colonial administrator, a Malay scholar and historian.

There exists an ancient seaside Chinatown in Terengganu, which was visited by Admiral Cheng Ho, and was mentioned by Munshi Abdullah in his book.

External links:

Frank Swettenham

The Perak XI of 1895
An interesting photograph of a cricket team was
Malaya's champion all-round .... in his day:
The players are: (Left to right)
Back row: J Hughes, ALM Scott
Middle row: AB Stephens, FA Swenttenham CMG, Col RNF Walker CMG,

Capt AL Ingall, AB Noulers
Front row: RM McKenzie, Xavier Marks, FJ Wool and FW Kelly.

Some names maybe incorrect.

This profile looks like Munshi Abdullah
Holding a pole ... for what?
Dark jacket in a climate that is hot and with high humidity?
Was this in the highlands? Fraser's Hill? Cameron Highlands?
Resort? Not Malaya?
With pith hat, indicating a British officer between 1900-1930s
Why the dark shirt?
With hat, indicating a British officer, like a British planter
Looks like going for morning stroll, maybe a Sunday
Swettenham (right) with Sultan Suleiman of Selangor 1936
The Sultan is listening to Frank Swettenham.
Oval portrait, indicates an early era in British Malaya, 1900s
Portrait resembles those of the French kings, possibly same painter, doesn't look like Malaya

Tuesday, 16 July 2013

Pulau Jerejak (1)

We have 2 stories about Pulau Jerejak so far. One is from Rukiah Hanoum Omar Farok and the other is from me.

- she will obtain her story pieces from Yasmin Hanoum Ariff, daughter of Sir KM Ariff
  1. Rukiah's father, Omar Farok Ariff was the son of Sir Kamil Ariff
  2. Omar Farok worked as a Hospital Assistant (HA) at the hospital on Pulau Jerejak
  3. He left the island in time to see the funeral of Sir KM Ariff
  4. Rukiah was still small to recall; she will ask aunty Yasmin Hanoum

  1. Dr Che Lah Md Joonos had a bungalow at 355 Lengkok Pemancar, Gelugor in Penang
  2. There were 2 big bedrooms upstairs in the double-storey bungalow
  3. My family and I occupied the bedroom facing the sea and Pulau Jerejak
  4. Dr Che Lah's 2 younger children and amah occupied the other bedroom facing the hills
  5. Pulau Jerejak could be clearly seen from our bedroom window
  6. It is a very big island and appeared very dark at night
  7. There were many ships in the bay near New Year, waiting to blow their horns to mark the New Year
  8. My mother told a lot of stories but I can't remember much
  9. I have written something about Pulau Jerejak in my diaries; I have to browse the pages and see what I wrote about the island

Description of Pulau Jerejak (Jerejak Island)
  1. Pulau Jerejak appears in many old maps of Penang. 
  2. Pulau Jerejak appears in an 1884 painted map of Penang
  3. Pulau Jerejak appears in an 1817 painting when viewed from Penang Hill
  4. On maps, Pulau Jerejak is an island that looks like a shrunken mango or human footprint (minus toes), waiting to be re-attached to Penang island. 
  5. In the maps below, it is the small island 'beneath the 2D Penang bridge', lying off the southeast tip of Penang.
  6. In real life, Pulau Jerejak is a big single island with 2 conical apices
  7. Pulau Jerejak is not a volcanic island.
  8. In fact, Pulau Jerejak is big, approx. 362 hectares of rocky terrain and dense jungle.

What was there before my time (BMT)
  1. Pulau Jerejak is a historical island with many stories, and some are scary
  2. Francis Light arrived in Pulau Jerejak in early 1786 before he proceeded to Penang. Fort Cornwallis could not be constructed on Pulau Jerejak as previously intended, as it was infested with mosquitoes and people would contract malaria. Francis Light himself died of malaria in Penang. Fort Cornwallis was build on Penang island
  3. Pulau Jerejak was formerly the main leper asylum for the Straits Settlements in 1868
  4. Pulau Jerejak was a Quarantine Station for many Chinese immigrants in 1875
  5. Pulau Jerejak was a prison and had a penal colony in 1969
  6. These centres were set up at different parts of the island, for many reasons

LEPER ASYLUM - built 1868, used 1871-1960s
  1. Pulau Jerejak was used to send leprosy victims (lepers).
  2. In 1868, a leper asylum was completed on Pulau Jerejak
  3. However, the asylum was only used in 1871
  4. The fund for constructing the leprosarium was obtained from the local community
  5. In 1880, its facilities were expanded
  6. It became a leprosy collection centre (leprosarium) for the Straits Settlements till 1930s when Sungai Buloh Leper Settlement/Leprosarium opened
  7. The leprosarium was subsequently closed in 1960s
  8. The centre was disused and abandoned and became dilapidated for a long time
  9. Only a few parts of the walls of its buildings were seen when they made a documentary of the centre
  10. The island is a resort island today

  1. After WWI, there was an increase in the incidence of TB in Penang and Malaya
  2. Many Penang residents suffered from TB and died
  3. A sanatorium / hospital was set up on the eastern part of the island for TB victims
  4. The hospital would cater for 150 TB patients at a time
  5. Many TB patients died and were buried on the island
  6. Many TB patients in Penang also died and were buried in Penang

  1. The British encouraged Chinese and Indian immigrants to come to Penang, mainly to work or farm
  2. Ships from China brought many immigrants to Penang
  3. Immigrants were allowed to claim whatever land they could clear for farming and living
  4. Penang became overcrowded with immigrants
  5. The British sent the new Chinese arrivals to Pulau Jerejak for health inspection as a precautionary step 
  6. It was possible that ships from China could carry the plague bacteria, Yersinia pestis
  7. Part of the island was made a health quarantine centre for immigrants in 1875
  8. The centre was at the eastern and northern parts of the island
  9. Immigrants who came to Malaya were quarantined here and their bodies and health checked for smallpox, cholera, plague, dysentery, tuberculosis (TB), leprosy, etc.
  10. The immigrants at Pulau Jerejak attended the health inspection centre as instructed
  11. The island became populated, and the health checks were slow and lengthy, and queues were long
  12. The immigrants cleared the jungle and started farming while waiting to go to Penang
  13. Some lived here and farmed on the island, growing tapioca and banana for subsistence. 
  14. There are large underground water tanks which are filled by rainwater. 
  15. Only when the immigrants were free from diseases, were they allowed to proceed to Penang

  1. On 12 June 1969, the Jerejak Rehabilitation Centre was set up as a maximum security prison
  2. The island was closed to public and the public had no access to the island
  3. Warders patrolled the shores
  4. Intruders were severely dealt with
  5. Prisoners could escape but they died from shark attacks as the water was infested with sharks. So, nobody managed to escape from the island. And horror stories were many
  6. The island resembled Alcatraz in the Bay of San Francisco in California
  7. With public outcry for inhumane treatment accorded, the prison was closed in August 1993
  8. After its closure, the island was deserted for quite some time and became a haunted island. More horror stories were heard. It became a place where evil spirits were released, so nobody dared to go to the island. 
  9. Brave fishermen went to the island.
  10. Guru silat (Mahaguru Omar bin Din) and silat students dared to go to the island, and were filmed for a TV documentary (Majalah 3) for TV3

JEREJAK RESORT & SPA - built 2000-2004; opened 2004-present
  1. This facility was opened for business in January 2004
  2. It was built over the area once occupied by the leprosarium
  3. There was some controversy when it was being built and when it first opened. The fear was the ghosts of the deceased lepers and the possibility of the leper bacteria in the soil. All those fears were cleared and business went on as usual
  4. The resort has chalets and many facilities for workout and vacation, making full use of the island

  1. Ferry tickets for going to Pulau Jerejak can be purchased from the ticket counter at the jetty
  2. It cost RM25 per adult and RM16 per child (2-way transfer)

WORLD WAR I (WWI) 1914-1918: BATTLE OF PENANG 28 October 1914
  1. In WWI, the Russians and Germans were at war against each other
  2. A Russian cruiser, the Zhemchug was in Penang harbour one quiet morning
  3. A German cruiser, the SMS Emden sailed quietly into Penang harbour, undetected
  4. When the Russians were off guard, the German cruiser torpedoed the Russian cruiser, which killed several Russian soldiers. 81 Russians died and many were treated for serious injuries at the centres on Pulau Jerejak and in Penang. The dead Russian soldiers were buried on the island and in Penang.
  5. That was the only open-fire that occurred in Penang harbour during WWI
  6. A memorial located on the island, is dedicated to 2 Russian crewmen of the Imperial Russian Navy who died when their cruiser Zhemchug was sunk by the cruiser SMS Emden of the Kaiserliche Marine in the Battle of Penang on 28 October 1914.
  7. Other Russian graves are continuously being recovered on the island. The Russian graves are being identified where possible. The Russian Embassy and Russians have visited to see the Russian graves on Pulau Jerejak and in Penang.

External links:

Viewed from Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah
Viewed from USM main campus in Minden

Jerejak Rainforest Resort
No. 1, Mk. 13, Daerah Timur Laut, Pulau Jerejak,
11900 Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang

Ferry schedules to and from Pulau Jerejak:

  1. Pulau Jerejak viewed from Bayan Lepas 1817 (by Dr HT Goon, May 2011)
  2. Pulau Jerejak viewed from Halliburton's Hill, Prince of Wales's Island (Penang State Museum and Art Gallery)
  3. Penang Harbour HMS Magpie 1884 Penang map (Foley Charles Pendergast Vereker, Cambridge University Library Map Department). Extract showing Penang Island and part of Province Wellesley, of the map labelled. MALACCA STRAIT PULO PENANG PENANG HARBOUR. Surveyed by Commander the Hon. Foley C. P. Vereker, R. N., assisted by Lieut. C. G. Frederick, A. Balfour, H. Belam, H. Douglas, and H. Evans, R. N., H. M. S. Magpie, 1884.

  1. Google Maps
  2. SP Setia Bhd Group (property development map of Penang island) www.sp.setia.com

Penang Harbour

Penang has a harbour that's busy with activities. It has a deep sea harbour at Swettenham Pier where cruise ships dock. There are goods sheds next to the pier. The other parts are jetties for small boats and sampans to land. The famous part of Penang harbour is Weld Quay, the new Church Street marina, and the row of buildings facing the sea. For the locals, the word "jetty" is fine and everyone knows it is the port area. The other is "ferry" where the ferries ply back and forth between Penang island ferry terminal (Pengkalan Raja Tun Uda) and the ferry terminal on the mainland. I have not been to the ferry terminal for many years now.

Bought from used books shop in Chowrasta Market (went upstairs)
Also available from Areca Books and Pinang Bookshelf.
Aerial view of Georgetown, Penang before 1963
Bangunan Tuanku Syed Putra (seat of the State Government)
Bangunan Dewan Perniagaan Melayu Pulau Pinang (tower at right) comes into view as the car turns the curve near Bangunan Tuanku Syed Putra
Pos Malaysia's new venue in the old Bangunan Tuanku Syed Putra
Rear view of Swettenham Pier, Penang
Luxury cruise ship docked at Swettenham Pier
Deep-sea harbour - Swettenham Pier viewed from Church Street Pier
Godowns at Weld Quay waterfront viewed from Church Street Pier
Church Street Pier, was once a busy jetty for car ferries
Pengkalan Raja Tun Uda 1963

AFTER 50 Years

Pengkalan Raja Tun Uda 2013

Bangunan Perburuhan Pelabuhan / Penang Port Commission
PPC ferry terminal / Pengkalan RajaTun Uda (Penang, Butterworth) 2013
PPC ferry terminal

FMS Railway Station Office, Penang

FMS Railway Station with tower
FMS Railway Station with tower
Photo of Penang Harbour from a wall photo at D' Dapor Malay Cuisine Restaurant in George Town, Penang. The FMS Railway Station with tower is at left part of the photo, after the Church Street Pier. A ferry has left the pier. 1963


Weld Quay after 1890
Weld Quay / Pengkalan Weld after 1890
Tram tracks can be seen on the road surface.
Electric lamp posts are near the buildings.
Photo was after 1904 (electricity) and 1906 (trams).
Weld Quay, after land reclamation in 1890.
Beach Street, Penang

Immigration Office, Georgetown in Penang
Beach Street
Photo from Penang Museum display
East India Company HQ in Beach Street, Penang
Farquhar Street, Penang

Penang Free School, old venue in 1816
Old Hutching's School (now Penang Museum).
Former Penang Free School before 1926.
Court building, Farquhar Street in Penang.
Now the Supreme Court building.
Court building, Farquhar Street in Penang.
Renovation of the Supreme Court building was undertaken by Urbanisma Sdn Bhd.

Transport in Early Penang

A bullock cart.
A trishaw (left) and a jinrickshaw (right; a Japanese invention).
This photo must be after the Japanese war (after WWII 1941-1945)
British Marine Naval Base, Penang

British marine naval base with Pulau Jerejak in the bkgr at right

Power Station, Penang

City Power Station, George Town, Penang

External links

Newspaper report of Penang Harbour:
$7,477 Claim for Value of Lost Cargo 
Penang Harbour Collision Sequel
Penang Harbour collision occurred on 31 August 1936 between SS Kedah and tongkang Ahmad Hajar which was loaded with tin plates. Tongkang Ahmad Hajar sank with all her goods.