Sunday, 4 November 2012

100 Years MAIK 1334-1434 Hijri / 1915-2012

MAIK (Majlis Agama Islam dan Adat-Istiadat Melayu Kelantan)

MAIK was established in Kelantan on 24 December 1915. It was headed by 4 noble men who worked together at that time: Sultan Muhamad IV, Tok Kenali, Dato Perdana Menteri Paduka Raja and Dato' Laksamana. MAIK publishes its own magazine entitled Pengasuh, with Tok Kenali as its chief editor (ketua pengarang). The first issue of Pengasuh was on 11 July 1918 and it still continues to be published today. It is therefore the oldest and longest running Malay Islamic magazine in Kelantan (written in Jawi script). As such it is also the oldest running magazine in Malaya, Malaysia, Southeast Asia, the Malay Archipelago, and globally. MAIK will be celebrating its 100th anniversary according to the Muslim calendar (1334-1434 Hijri) on 24 December 2012.

Kebun blog in Facebook
Sekilas Pandang Tokoh Penulis Kelantan
Portal Rasmi Kerajaan Negeri Kelantan

Road divider bunting at the junction of Pejabat Pelajaran, near Sultan Ismail School.
Founders of MAIK

Sultan Muhamad IV
(b.23 May 1870 Kota Bharu; s. 17 June 1899; r.9 February 1900-d.23 December 1920)
Contributions to Kelantan: He named Kelantan Darulnaim and established the Muhammad Order of royal awards.
From Wikipedia: Sultan Muhammad IV ibni Sultan Muhammad III ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad III, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kelantan Da’ar ul-Na’im, KCMG (1.1.1913). b. at Kota Bharu, 23 May 1870, eldest son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad III ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of the State of Kelantan, by his first wife, H.H. Tengku Sofia binti al-Marhum Tengku Putih, Tengku Ampuan, eldest daughter of Tengku Puteh ibni al-Marhum al-Marhum Sultan Phaya Long Muhammad, Raja of the State of Patani, educated privately. Granted the title of Tengku Sri Indra, 23 September 1890. Appointed as Heir Presumptive with the title of Raja Muda 25 July 1898. Granted the tile of Phaya Bpakdi Sri Sultan Muhammad Ratna Nuchit Siti Santun Wiwangsa Pia Kelantan by the King of Siam. Succeeded on the death of his childless uncle, 17 June 1899. Installed as Raja Kelantan and Yang di-Pertuan, with the style of Yang Teramat Mulia, 9 February 1900. Granted the title of Phaya Deja by the King of Siam in 1897, and promoted to Phaya Bipitpakdi in 1900. Kelantan was transferred to British Protection, 19 July 1909. Crowned as Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Muhammad IV with the style of Duli Yang Maha Mulia, and granted a permanent salute of 17-guns, 22 June 1911. Altered the name of the state to Negeri Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, July 1916. Founded the Darjah Kerabat Yang Amat di-Hormati (Royal Family Order) and the Paduka Mahkota Kelantan al-Muhammad (the Order of the Crown of Kelantan of Muhammad), 1916. Received: GC Order of the Crown of Siam (1905). m. (first) 1888, Nik Wan Zainab binti Nik Wan Muhammad Amin [H.H. Sultana Zainab] (b. 1877; d. at Kota Bharu, 23 July 1928, buried Royal Cemetery, Kampung Langgar), crowned as Sultanah at Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, 15 February 1916, daughter of Nik Wan Muhammad Amin bin Wan ‘Abdu’l gelaran Ngah. m. (second) Cik Jarah binte Encik Yusuf. He died at the Istana, Kota Bharu, 23 December 1920 (buried Royal Cemetery, Kampung Langgar) -

Tok Kenali
Real name: Muhammad Yusuf bin Ahmad (1868-1933)
Contributions to Kelantan: religious teacher, thinker, intelligent holy man, sage
Translated from Wikipedia: He was regarded as a foremost clergy (ulama' ulung), a great Islamic teacher (guru agama Islam yang agung), a global developer of Islamic thinking (tokoh pembangunan pemikiran umat Islam di dunia) and a trigger of Islamic learning in Malaysia and Southeast Asia specifically (pencetus ilmu pengajian Islam di Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara khususnya), in the early 20th century (di awal abad ke-20). He was a a pious clergy (alim rabbani), whose life was guided by the holy book Al-Qur'an and the Traditions (Sunnah) of Prophet Muhammad SAW. He chose to live moderately and was a sage (wali keramat) and was inspired by Allah SWT and obtained intuition from God without learning (ilmu laduni, ilmu kurniaan Illahi tanpa belajar). -

Dato Perdana Menteri Paduka Raja 
(b. 1880 Kota Bharu)
Real name: Dato' Haji Nik Mahmud bin Haji Nik Wan Ismail
Contributions to Kelantan: served as Perdana Menteri Paduka Raja (Perdana Menteri Kelantan) 29 April 1921-1944 (23 years)
Translated from Kebun Ketereh: He was born into a nobility family (keluarga bangsawan) in Kota Bharu, Kelantan in 1880. His parents were Qadhi Haji Nik Wan Ismail bin Haji Nik Wan Mahmud and Wan Aishah. After his father passed away in 1989, his mother brought him and his 3 other siblings to Makkah. Nik Mahmud had received his early education from his own father in Kelantan. In Makkah, he was taught under the tutelage of Sheikh Ahmad al-Fathani, who was his father's friend. Both men (Qadhi Haji Nik Wan Ismail & Sheikh Ahmad al-Fathani) were great clergies (ulama besar). In Makkah, Sheikh Ahmad al-Fathani taught 4 men - 2 were from the Riau-Lingga government, Raja Ali Kelana and Raja Khalid Haitami (grandson of Raja Ali Haji), while the other 2 were from Kelantan, Nik Mahmud and Haji Muhammad bin Muhammad Sa'id (he later became Dato' Laksamana). Dato Nik Mahmud served under 3 sultans and resigned on 27 December 1945 and was succeeded by his son, Nik Ahmad Kamil till 1953. He married and had 3 sons - Tan Sri Nik Ahmad Kamil (MP Kota Bharu Hilir, ex-MB Kelantan), Dato' Nik Mustapha Fadzil (Dato Sri Amar Diraja, ex-Dato' Maharaja Lela Istana Negeri KL), and another son (unknown). Dato Nik Mahmud died in 1964 at home in Atas Banggol, Kota Bharu. He was 84. His died a mysterious death which was thought to arise from black magic (sihir) by quarters who hated him. The title Perdana Menteri was no longer used replaced with Menteri Besar when the Federated Malay States (FMS or Persekutuan Tanah Melayu) was formed. -  
Summarised from comments in Kebun Ketereh: Perdana Menteri Paduka Raja had written 4 books including Cetera Kelantan, Kitab Pati Rahsia and Tajuk KemuliaanCetera Kelantan was said to be altered after his demise, and he was slandered (difitnah) which caused a clash between 2 Kelantan royal households, that between Long Ghaffar and Long Yunus etc. He is survived by his great grandchildren.  
From TEMD Research: Dato Perdana Menteri Paduka Raja was buried in Kubur Banggol, a long distance behind Sekolah Kebangsaan Kubur Banggol. 

Dato' Laksamana
Real name: Haji Muhammad bin Muhammad Sa'id
(b.1889 Kota Bharu, d.20 March 1939)
Contributions: intellectual, literary figure, journalist and prolific writer, writer for Pengasuh magazine and other, famed as Father of Malay Journalism in Kelantan

From TiapDetik blogspot: He was the eldest son of Dato' Haji Muhammad Said, Dato' Sri Diraja and Khatib Masjid Besar Kota Bharu or Masjid Muhammadi in Kota Bharu. The mosque is adjacent to a big green mansion (now disused). It is across the road from 2 palaces, Istana Balai Besar and Istana Jahar. He received his early education in Kota Bharu before he went overseas in 1902 to study in Makkah and Egypt for a total of 12 years (8 years in Makkah and 4 years in Cairo). He studied under the tutelage of 3 brilliant religious masters such as Tok Wan Ali Kutan, Sheikh Wan Ahmad bin Wan Muhammad Zain al-Fatani and Sheikh Nik Mat Kechik al-Fatani. When in Cairo, he was influenced by the reformation (tajdid) movement there which was led by famous Egyptian reformists such as Muhammad Abdul and his student, Rashid Ridha. He returned to Kelantan in 1914 at the height of the First World War (WWI). Along with 3 others, they set up MAIK on 23 December 1915. He was the first MAIK Secretary till 1919 (ie till after WWI). He was the Assistant Secretary of Kelantan State (Penolong Setiausaha Negeri Kelantan) on 1 January 1917, and subsequently was the Deputy Chief of MAIK (Naib Yang Dipertua MAIK) on 13 August 1919. He was made Dato' Laksamana in July 1921. On 12 September 1925, he was appointed as State Secretary of the Kelantan Government (Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri Kelantan). He was actively involved with writing and journalism. He was not only a writer for Pengasuh (October 1919-December 1933), he was also a co-writer of al-Kitab (1920) monthly magazine. He was also the writer of books such as Rampai-Rampaian (2 terms), a translated novel entitled Kecurian 5 Million Ringgit (January 1922), and 5 titles in Arabic which were not published before his demise. He wrote numerous articles in Pengasuh using the penname Pengarang Pengasuh, Hashim bin Muhammad and Patriot. He passed away on 20 March 1939 at age 50. -